Targums
Targum Tar"gum, n.; pl. {Targums}. Heb. {Targumim}. [Chald. targ[=u]m interpretation, fr. targ[=e]m to interpret. Cf. {Truchman}, and {Dragoman}.] A translation or paraphrase of some portion of the Old Testament Scriptures in the Chaldee or Aramaic language or dialect. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • targums — Translations of the Hebrew OT into Aramaic to assist Jews in Palestine where Aramaic had become the language of daily speech; made just before and in the first three centuries of the CE. The translations often include interpretations. Targums are …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • targums — ● targum, targums nom masculin (mot hébreu signifiant traduction) Traduction araméenne de livres bibliques, faite pour le service synagogal, dans la période qui suivit la captivité de Babylone (587 538 avant J. C.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • TARGUMS —    translations, dating for the most part as early as the time of Ezra, of several books of the Old Testament into Aramaic, which both in Babylonia and Palestine had become the spoken language of the Jews instead of Hebrew, executed chiefly for… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Targums — n. translation of the Old Testament into Aramaic (Biblical) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Targum — • The distinctive designation of the Aramaic translations or paraphrases of the Old Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Targum     Targum      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • BIBLE - Les traductions — Dès l’Antiquité préchrétienne, la Bible a été traduite – il faudrait dire, plus adéquatement, produite – dans une multitude de langues. Dans ce processus, on doit, en fait, distinguer deux moments: d’une part, celui des versions «anciennes», qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Targum — Targumic, adj. Targumist, n. /tahr goom/; Seph. Heb. /tahrdd goohm /; Ashk. Heb. /tahrdd goom/, n., pl. Targums, Heb. Targumim Seph. /tahrdd gooh meem /; Ashk. /tahrdd gooh mim/. a translation or paraphrase in Aramaic of a book or division of the …   Universalium

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

  • Aramaic language — Not to be confused with the Amharic language. For the people, see Aramaeans. Aramaic Arāmît Pronunciation [arɑmiθ], [arɑmit], [ɑrɑmɑjɑ], [ɔrɔmɔjɔ] Spoken in Ir …   Wikipedia

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