System Sys"tem, n. [L. systema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to place together; sy`n with + ? to place: cf. F. syst[`e]me. See {Stand}.] 1. An assemblage of objects arranged in regular subordination, or after some distinct method, usually logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related by some common law, principle, or end; a complete exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a rational dependence or connection; a regular union of principles or parts forming one entire thing; as, a system of philosophy; a system of government; a system of divinity; a system of botany or chemistry; a military system; the solar system. [1913 Webster]

The best way to learn any science, is to begin with a regular system, or a short and plain scheme of that science well drawn up into a narrow compass. --I. Watts. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as forming one complete plan of whole; the universe. ``The great system of the world.'' --Boyle. [1913 Webster]

3. Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to have a system in one's business. [1913 Webster]

4. (Mus.) The collection of staves which form a full score. See {Score}, n. [1913 Webster]

5. (Biol.) An assemblage of parts or organs, either in animal or plant, essential to the performance of some particular function or functions which as a rule are of greater complexity than those manifested by a single organ; as, the capillary system, the muscular system, the digestive system, etc.; hence, the whole body as a functional unity. [1913 Webster]

6. (Zo["o]l.) One of the stellate or irregular clusters of intimately united zooids which are imbedded in, or scattered over, the surface of the common tissue of many compound ascidians. [1913 Webster]

{Block system}, {Conservative system}, etc. See under {Block}, {Conservative}, etc. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


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