Synonym Syn"o*nym (s[i^]n"[-o]*n[i^]m), n.; pl. {Synonyms} (s[i^]n"[-o]*n[i^]mz). [F. synonyme, L. synonyma, pl. of synonymum, Gr. synw`nymon. See {Synonymous}.] 1. One of two or more words (commonly words of the same language) which are equivalents of each other; one of two or more words which have very nearly the same signification, and therefore may often be used interchangeably. See under {Synonymous}. [Written also {synonyme}.] [1913 Webster]

All languages tend to clear themselves of synonyms as intellectual culture advances, the superfluous words being taken up and appropriated by new shades and combinations of thought evolved in the progress of society. --De Quincey. [1913 Webster]

His name has thus become, throughout all civilized countries, a synonym for probity and philanthropy. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

In popular literary acceptation, and as employed in special dictionaries of such words, synonyms are words sufficiently alike in general signification to be liable to be confounded, but yet so different in special definition as to require to be distinguished. --G. P. Marsh. [1913 Webster]

2. An incorrect or incorrectly applied scientific name, as a new name applied to a species or genus already properly named, or a specific name preoccupied by that of another species of the same genus; -- so used in the system of nomenclature (which see) in which the correct scientific names of certain natural groups (usually genera, species, and subspecies) are regarded as determined by priority. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. One of two or more words corresponding in meaning but of different languages; a heteronym. [Rare] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • synonyms — are words that have the same or a near meaning, such as the pair close and shut, or the trio begin, start, and commence. Some word sets of this kind arise because words coming into English from other languages failed to drive out those already in …   Modern English usage

  • synonyms — n. pl. [Gr. syn, together; onyma, name] In nomenclature, two or more names for the same taxon; see senior synonym, junior objective synonym, junior subjective synonym; synonymous adj …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • synonyms — syn·o·nym || sɪnÉ™nɪm n. word which has the same or almost the same meaning as another …   English contemporary dictionary

  • heterotypic synonyms — synonyms based on different nomenclatural types …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • List of minerals (synonyms) — It is currently not possible to have a complete list of minerals . The International Mineralogical Association (IMA) is the international group that recognises new minerals and new mineral names, however minerals discovered before 1959 did not go …   Wikipedia

  • List of Aster synonyms — The genus Aster (sunflower family Asteraceae) is now generally restricted to the Old World species. The other species have now been reclassified as Almutaster, Canadanthus, Doellingeria, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oligoneuron, Oreostemma,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Elm synonyms and accepted names — Synonym * Chaetoptelea mexicana Liebm. **Accepted Name: Ulmus mexicana (Liebm.) Planch.* Microptelea parvifolia (Jacquin) Spach **Accepted Name: Ulmus parvifolia Jacq.* Planera parvifolia (Jacquin) Sweet **Accepted Name: Ulmus parvifolia Jacq.*… …   Wikipedia

  • A-bomb — Synonyms and related words: H bomb, atomic bomb, atomic warhead, clean bomb, cobalt bomb, dirty bomb, fusion bomb, hell bomb, hydrogen bomb, limited nuclear weapons, nuclear artillery, nuclear explosive, nuclear warhead, plutonium bomb, superbomb …   Moby Thesaurus

  • AC — Synonyms and related words: DC, absorption current, active current, alternating current, conduction current, convection current, cycle, delta current, dielectric displacement current, direct current, displacement current, eddy current, electric… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • AM — Synonyms and related words: Ack Emma, FM, PM, amplitude modulation, ante meridiem, double sideband, foreday, forenoon, grey eyed morn, incense breathing morn, matins, modulation, morn, morning, morning time, morntime, side frequency, sideband,… …   Moby Thesaurus

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”