Synonym Syn"o*nym (s[i^]n"[-o]*n[i^]m), n.; pl. {Synonyms} (s[i^]n"[-o]*n[i^]mz). [F. synonyme, L. synonyma, pl. of synonymum, Gr. synw`nymon. See {Synonymous}.] 1. One of two or more words (commonly words of the same language) which are equivalents of each other; one of two or more words which have very nearly the same signification, and therefore may often be used interchangeably. See under {Synonymous}. [Written also {synonyme}.] [1913 Webster]

All languages tend to clear themselves of synonyms as intellectual culture advances, the superfluous words being taken up and appropriated by new shades and combinations of thought evolved in the progress of society. --De Quincey. [1913 Webster]

His name has thus become, throughout all civilized countries, a synonym for probity and philanthropy. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

In popular literary acceptation, and as employed in special dictionaries of such words, synonyms are words sufficiently alike in general signification to be liable to be confounded, but yet so different in special definition as to require to be distinguished. --G. P. Marsh. [1913 Webster]

2. An incorrect or incorrectly applied scientific name, as a new name applied to a species or genus already properly named, or a specific name preoccupied by that of another species of the same genus; -- so used in the system of nomenclature (which see) in which the correct scientific names of certain natural groups (usually genera, species, and subspecies) are regarded as determined by priority. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. One of two or more words corresponding in meaning but of different languages; a heteronym. [Rare] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Synonym — Synonym …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • synonym — Adj gleichbedeutend per. Wortschatz fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. synonymique, dieses aus l. synōnymus, aus gr. synṓnymos, zu gr. ónoma Name, Benennung, Wort und gr. syn , also gleichnamig . Abstraktum: Synonymie.    Ebenso nndl.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Synonȳm — (v. gr.), von gleicher Bedeutung sinnähnlich, sinnverwandt; bes. nennt Synonimus solche Wörter, welche unter einander gleiche Bedeutung haben od. doch wenigstens sinnverwandt sind. Streng genommen gibt es in keiner Sprache Wörter, welche… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Synonym — Synonȳm (grch.), gleichbedeutend, sinnverwandt; Synonyme (Synonўma), sinnverwandte Wörter, Synonymīe, Sinnähnlichkeit; Synonȳmik, Lehre von den sinnverwandten Wörtern …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Synonym — Synonym, gleichbedeutend (sinnverwandt); daher Synonymen: Worte, welche, obwohl ganz verschieden klingend, doch dasselbe bedeuten. Sie entstehen durch Einbürgerung von Fremdwörtern (wie civil = bürgerlich), durch Näherung der verschiedenen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Synonym — Synonym, griech. dtsch., gleich od. ähnlichbedeutend, sinnverwandt; S.e, S.a, Wörter von gleicher od. ähnlicher Bedeutung; S. ik, die Darstellung des Unterschiedes der sog. S.en …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • synonym — index call (title), definition, same Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • synonym — (n.) early 15c. (but rare before 18c.), from L. synonymum, from Gk. synonymon word having the same sense as another, noun use of neut. of synonymos having the same name as, synonymous, from syn together, same (see SYN (Cf. syn )) + onyma, Aeolic… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Synonym — »sinnverwandtes Wort«: Der sprachwissenschaftliche Terminus wurde im 15./16. Jh. aus lat. (verbum) synonymum entlehnt, das seinerseits aus griech. (rhēma) synō̓nymon stammt. Griech. syn ō̓nymos »gleichbedeutend; gleichnamig« ist eine Bildung… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • synonym — ► NOUN ▪ a word or phrase that means the same as another word or phrase in the same language. DERIVATIVES synonymy noun. ORIGIN Greek sun numon, from onoma name …   English terms dictionary

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