Synod
Synod Syn"od (s[i^]n"[u^]d), n. [L. synodus, Gr. sy`nodos a meeting; sy`n with + "odo`s a way; cf. AS. sino[eth], seno[eth], F. synode, both from the Latin.] 1. (Eccl. Hist.) An ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters. [1913 Webster]

Note: Synods are of four kinds: 1. General, or ecumenical, which are composed of bishops from different nations; -- commonly called general council. 2. National, composed of bishops of one nation only. 3. Provincial, in which the bishops of only one province meet; -- called also convocations. 4. Diocesan, a synod in which the bishop of the diocese or his representative presides. Among Presbyterians, a synod is composed of several adjoining presbyteries. The members are the ministers and a ruling elder from each parish. [1913 Webster]

2. An assembly or council having civil authority; a legislative body. [1913 Webster]

It hath in solemn synods been decreed, Both by the Syracusians and ourselves, To admit no traffic to our adverse towns. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Parent of gods and men, propitious Jove! And you, bright synod of the powers above. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

3. (Astron.) A conjunction of two or more of the heavenly bodies. [R.] --Milton. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • Synod — • A general term for ecclesiastical gatherings under hierarchical authority, for the discussion and decision of matters relating to faith, morals, or discipline. It corresponds to the Latin word concilium Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • synod — [sin′əd] n. [ME, altered (after LL) < OE sinoth < LL(Ec) synodus < LGr(Ec) synodos, church synod < Gr, a meeting, lit., a coming together < syn , together + hodos, way: see ODE1] 1. an ecclesiastical council; specif., a) R.C.Ch. a… …   English World dictionary

  • Synod — Synod, s. Synode 4) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Synod — Synod, der heilige, s. Synodus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Synod — Synod, Heiliger, genauer Heiligster regierender S., die an der Spitze der russ. Kirche stehende Reichsbehörde, besteht aus den Metropoliten von Petersburg, Moskau und Kiew, einigen Eparchialbischöfen und dem Oberprokuror, einem Mann weltlichen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • synod — index council (assembly), meeting (conference), session Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • synod — late 14c., ecclesiastical council, from L.L. synodus, from Gk. synodos assembly, meeting, conjunction of planets, from syn together + hodos a going, a way (see CEDE (Cf. cede)). Used by Presbyterians for assembly of ministers and other elders… …   Etymology dictionary

  • synod — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. synododzie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} kolegialny organ władzy kościelnej, w skład którego wchodzą biskupi oraz reprezentanci duchowieństwa i świeckich z różnych krajów świata, zwoływany doraźnie przez papieża w… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • synod — ► NOUN ▪ an assembly of the clergy (and sometimes also the laity) in a division of a Christian Church. DERIVATIVES synodal adjective. ORIGIN Greek sunodos meeting …   English terms dictionary

  • Synod — A synod historically is a council of a church, usually convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. In modern usage, the word often refers to the governing body of a particular church, whether its members are meeting or …   Wikipedia

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