Betray
Betray Be*tray" (b[-e]*tr[=a]"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Betrayed} (-tr[=a]d"); p. pr. & vb. n. {Betraying}.] [OE. betraien, bitraien; pref. be- + OF. tra["i]r to betray, F. trahir, fr. L. tradere. See {Traitor}.] 1. To deliver into the hands of an enemy by treachery or fraud, in violation of trust; to give up treacherously or faithlessly; as, an officer betrayed the city. [1913 Webster]

Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men. --Matt. xvii. 22. [1913 Webster]

2. To prove faithless or treacherous to, as to a trust or one who trusts; to be false to; to deceive; as, to betray a person or a cause. [1913 Webster]

But when I rise, I shall find my legs betraying me. --Johnson. [1913 Webster]

3. To violate the confidence of, by disclosing a secret, or that which one is bound in honor not to make known. [1913 Webster]

Willing to serve or betray any government for hire. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

4. To disclose or discover, as something which prudence would conceal; to reveal unintentionally. [1913 Webster]

Be swift to hear, but cautious of your tongue, lest you betray your ignorance. --T. Watts. [1913 Webster]

5. To mislead; to expose to inconvenience not foreseen to lead into error or sin. [1913 Webster]

Genius . . . often betrays itself into great errors. --T. Watts. [1913 Webster]

6. To lead astray, as a maiden; to seduce (as under promise of marriage) and then abandon. [1913 Webster]

7. To show or to indicate; -- said of what is not obvious at first, or would otherwise be concealed. [1913 Webster]

All the names in the country betray great antiquity. --Bryant. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • betray — (v.) late 13c., bitrayen mislead, deceive, betray, from BE (Cf. be ) + obsolete M.E. tray, from O.Fr. traine betrayal, deception, deceit, from trair (Mod.Fr. trahir) betray, deceive, from L. tradere hand over, from trans across (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • betray — [v1] be disloyal abandon, be unfaithful, bite the hand that feeds you*, blow the whistle*, bluff, break faith, break promise, break trust, break with, commit treason, cross, deceive, deliver up*, delude, desert, double cross, finger*, forsake, go …   New thesaurus

  • betray — [bē trā′, bitrā′] vt. [ME bitraien < be , intens. + traien, betray < OFr trair < L tradere, to hand over: see TREASON] 1. a) to help the enemy of (one s country, cause, etc.); be a traitor to b) to deliver or expose to an enemy… …   English World dictionary

  • betray — I (disclose) verb acknowledge, admit, air, aperire, avow, bare, bear witness against, bring into the open, bring to light, come clean, confess, declare, detegere, divulge, double cross, expose, give away, give utterance to, impart, inform, inform …   Law dictionary

  • betray — 1 mislead, delude, *deceive, beguile, double cross Analogous words: trap, entrap, snare, ensnare (see CATCH): *dupe, trick, befool, hoodwink, gull 2 discover, *reveal, disclose, divulge, tell Analogous words: manifest, evidence, evince, * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • betray — ► VERB 1) act treacherously towards (a person, country, etc.) by revealing information to or otherwise aiding an enemy. 2) be disloyal to. 3) unintentionally reveal; be evidence of. DERIVATIVES betrayal noun betrayer noun. ORIGIN from Old French… …   English terms dictionary

  • betray */*/ — UK [bɪˈtreɪ] / US verb [transitive] Word forms betray : present tense I/you/we/they betray he/she/it betrays present participle betraying past tense betrayed past participle betrayed 1) a) if you betray your country, or if you betray someone who… …   English dictionary

  • betray — be|tray [bıˈtreı] v [T] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(friends)¦ 2¦(country)¦ 3¦(emotions)¦ 4¦(truth)¦ 5 betray your beliefs/principles/ideals etc ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [Date: 1200 1300; Origin: tray to betray (13 16 centuries), from Old French traïr, from Latin tradere; TRAITOR] …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • betray — be|tray [ bı treı ] verb transitive ** 1. ) if you betray your country, or you betray someone who needs your support, you deliberately do something that harms them or helps their opponents: In wartime many people accused of betraying their… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • betray — [[t]bɪtre͟ɪ[/t]] betrays, betraying, betrayed 1) VERB If you betray someone who loves or trusts you, your actions hurt and disappoint them. [V n] When I tell someone I will not betray his confidence I keep my word... [V n] The President betrayed… …   English dictionary

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