Surcharge
Surcharge Sur*charge", v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Surcharged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Surcharging}.] [F. surcharger. See {Sur-}, and {Charge}, and cf. {Overcharge}, {Supercharge}, {Supercargo}.] 1. To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge; as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon. [1913 Webster]

Four charged two, and two surcharged one. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view, Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

2. (Law) (a) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain. Blackstone. (b) (Equity) To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given. --Story. Daniel. [1913 Webster]

3. To print or write a surcharge on (a postage stamp). [Webster 1913 Suppl.]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • surcharge — [ syrʃarʒ ] n. f. • 1500; de surcharger I ♦ 1 ♦ Charge ajoutée à la charge ordinaire. ♢ Spécialt, Turf Surplus de poids imposé à un cheval. ⇒ handicap . ♢ Fig. ⇒ surcroît, surplus. Surcharge de dépenses, de travail. Spécialt Impôt qui s ajoute à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • surchargé — surcharge [ syrʃarʒ ] n. f. • 1500; de surcharger I ♦ 1 ♦ Charge ajoutée à la charge ordinaire. ♢ Spécialt, Turf Surplus de poids imposé à un cheval. ⇒ handicap . ♢ Fig. ⇒ surcroît, surplus. Surcharge de dépenses, de travail. Spécialt …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • surcharge — sur·charge 1 / sər ˌchärj/ vt 1: to impose a surcharge on surcharge a trustee for failing to exercise due care 2: to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given surcharge 2 n 1: an ad …   Law dictionary

  • surchargé — surchargé, ée (sur char jé, jée) part. passé de surcharger. 1°   Qui a reçu une surcharge. Un cheval surchargé.    Par extension. Une famille surchargée d enfants.    Fig. •   Onze lustres complets surchargés de trois ans, BOILEAU Épît. X..… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • surcharge — Surcharge. s. f. Nouvelle charge adjoustée à une autre. Ce cheval est assez chargé, il ne luy faut point de surcharge. cette surcharge l accablera. Il se dit aussi au figur. Il avoit desja de la peine à subsister, & pour surcharge, il a perdu son …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Surcharge — Sur*charge , n. [F.] 1. An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne. [1913 Webster] A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surcharge — ► NOUN 1) an additional charge or payment. 2) a mark printed on a postage stamp changing its value. ► VERB 1) exact a surcharge from. 2) mark (a postage stamp) with a surcharge …   English terms dictionary

  • surcharge — [sʉr′chärj΄; ] also, for v. [, sər chärj′] vt. surcharged, surcharging [ME surchargen < OFr surcharger: see SUR 1 & CHARGE] 1. to overcharge 2. to overload; overburden 3. to fill to excess or beyond normal capac …   English World dictionary

  • surcharge — (v.) early 15c., from M.Fr. surcharger, from O.Fr. sur over (see SUR (Cf. sur )) + chargier to load (see CHARGE (Cf. charge)). The noun is also first attested early 15c …   Etymology dictionary

  • surcharge — An additional fee for nonstandard size mail or certain nonmachinable parcels …   Glossary of postal terms

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