Summum genus
Genus Ge"nus (j[=e]"n[u^]s), n.; pl. {Genera}. [L., birth, race, kind, sort; akin to Gr. ?. See {Gender}, and cf. {Benign}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Logic) A class of objects divided into several subordinate species; a class more extensive than a species; a precisely defined and exactly divided class; one of the five predicable conceptions, or sorts of terms. [1913 Webster]

2. (Biol.) An assemblage of species, having so many fundamental points of structure in common, that in the judgment of competent scientists, they may receive a common substantive name. A genus is not necessarily the lowest definable group of species, for it may often be divided into several subgenera. In proportion as its definition is exact, it is natural genus; if its definition can not be made clear, it is more or less an artificial genus. [1913 Webster]

Note: Thus in the animal kingdom the lion, leopard, tiger, cat, and panther are species of the Cat kind or genus, while in the vegetable kingdom all the species of oak form a single genus. Some genera are represented by a multitude of species, as Solanum (Nightshade) and Carex (Sedge), others by few, and some by only one known species. [1913 Webster]

{Subaltern genus} (Logic), a genus which may be a species of a higher genus, as the genus denoted by quadruped, which is also a species of mammal.

{Summum genus} [L.] (Logic), the highest genus; a genus which can not be classed as a species, as being. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • summum genus — noun The genus that is not a species …   Wiktionary

  • summum genus — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Genus — Ge nus (j[=e] n[u^]s), n.; pl. {Genera}. [L., birth, race, kind, sort; akin to Gr. ?. See {Gender}, and cf. {Benign}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Logic) A class of objects divided into several subordinate species; a class more extensive than a species; a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • genus — A class of things that share the same character, but divide into different sub classes or species. The genus summum is the most inclusive genus, not itself serving as a species to another yet more general kind. To define per genus et differentiam …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Subaltern genus — Genus Ge nus (j[=e] n[u^]s), n.; pl. {Genera}. [L., birth, race, kind, sort; akin to Gr. ?. See {Gender}, and cf. {Benign}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Logic) A class of objects divided into several subordinate species; a class more extensive than a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Genera — Genus Ge nus (j[=e] n[u^]s), n.; pl. {Genera}. [L., birth, race, kind, sort; akin to Gr. ?. See {Gender}, and cf. {Benign}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Logic) A class of objects divided into several subordinate species; a class more extensive than a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • universal — 1 Universal, cosmic, ecumenical, catholic, cosmopolitan can all mean worldwide or at least extremely widespread (as in extent, range, influence, appeal, or use). Universal is likely to suggest what is worldwide rather than pertinent to or… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • List of philosophy topics (R-Z) — RRaRabad Rabbinic law Rabbinic theology Francois Rabelais François Rabelais race racetrack paradox racism Gustav Radbruch Janet Radcliffe Richards Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan radical Aristotelianism radical behaviourism radical feminism radical… …   Wikipedia

  • dichotomy — dichotomic /duy keuh tom ik/, adj. dichotomically, adv. /duy kot euh mee/, n., pl. dichotomies. 1. division into two parts, kinds, etc.; subdivision into halves or pairs. 2. division into two mutually exclusive, opposed, or contradictory groups:… …   Universalium

  • include — include, comprehend, embrace, involve, imply, subsume are comparable when meaning basically to contain something within as a part or portion of a whole. Include suggests that the thing included forms a constituent, component, or subordinate part… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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