Benzoin Ben*zoin" (b[e^]n*zoin"), n. [Cf. F. benjoin, Sp. benjui, Pg. beijoin; all fr. Ar. lub[=a]n-j[=a]w[=i] incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first syllable being lost. Cf. {Benjamin}.]

Note: [Called also {benjamin}.] 1. A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the {Styrax benzoin}, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume. [1913 Webster]

2. A white crystalline substance, {C14H12O2}, obtained from benzoic aldehyde and some other sources. [1913 Webster]

3. (Bot.) The spicebush ({Lindera benzoin}). [1913 Webster]

{Flowers of benzoin}, benzoic acid. See under {Benzoic}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benzoin — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • benzoin — balsamic resin obtained from a tree (Styrax benzoin) of Indonesia, 1560s (earlier as bengewine, 1550s), from M.Fr. benjoin (16c.), which comes via Spanish, Portuguese, or Italian from Arabic luban jawi incense of Java (actually Sumatra, with… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Benzoin — Benzoin, Benzol u. Benzon, s.u. Benzoyl B) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Benzoīn — Benzoīn, Baum, s. Styrax …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • benzoin — [ben′zō in΄, ben zō′in; ben′zoin΄] n. [Fr benjoin < It benzoino < Ar lubān jāwī, incense of Java: lu dropped because falsely assumed to be the article] 1. a balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asiatic trees (genus Styrax of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Benzoin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Benzoin Andere Namen 2 Hy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • benzoin — benzoin1 /ben zoh in, zoyn, ben zoh in/, n. 1. Also called gum benjamin, gum benzoin. a reddish brown, aromatic balsamic resin occurring in almondlike fragments and having a vanillalike odor, obtained from trees of the genus Styrax, esp. S.… …   Universalium

  • Benzoin — Ben|zo|in [zu ↑ Benzoe], das; s, e: Syn.: 2 Hydroxy 1,2 diphenylethanon: ein ↑ Acyloin, das natürlicherweise im Benzoeharz (Benzoin) vorkommt oder durch Benzoin Addition (früher: B. Kondensation, vgl. Acyloin Addition) herzustellen ist. * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • benzoin — benzoinis stirakas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Stirakinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Styrax benzoin), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. Iš jo gaunami lipai, eterinis aliejus ir derva. atitikmenys: lot. Styrax benzoin angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • benzoin — A balsamic resin obtained from Styrax b. (family Styracaceae), used as a stimulant expectorant, but usually by inhalation in laryngitis and bronchitis; it retards rancidification of fats and is used for this purpose in the official benzoinated… …   Medical dictionary

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