Benzoic acid
Benzoic Ben*zo"ic (b[e^]n*z[=o]"[i^]k), a. [Cf. F. benzo["i]que.] Pertaining to, or obtained from, benzoin. [1913 Webster]

{Benzoic acid}, or {flowers of benzoin}, a peculiar vegetable acid, {C6H5.CO2H}, obtained from benzoin, and some other balsams, by sublimation or decoction. It is also found in the urine of infants and herbivorous animals. It crystallizes in the form of white, satiny flakes; its odor is aromatic; its taste is pungent, and somewhat acidulous.

{Benzoic aldehyde}, oil of bitter almonds; the aldehyde, {C6H5.CHO}, intermediate in composition between benzoic or benzyl alcohol, and benzoic acid. It is a thin colorless liquid. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benzoic acid — Benzoic acid …   Wikipedia

  • benzoic acid — n. a white, crystalline organic acid, C6H5COOH, produced commercially from toluene and used as an antiseptic and preservative and in the making of perfumes, flavorings, etc …   English World dictionary

  • benzoic acid — Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, slightly water soluble powder, C7H6O2, usually derived from benzoin or other balsams, or synthesized from phthalic acid or toluene: used chiefly as a preservative, in the synthesis of dyes, and in medicine as a …   Universalium

  • benzoic acid — benzenkarboksirūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė C₆H₅COOH atitikmenys: angl. benzoic acid rus. бензойная кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • benzoic acid — Occurs naturally in gum benzoin; it is used as a food preservative, locally as a fungistatic, and orally as an antiseptic. It is excreted rapidly as hippuric acid. SYN: benzoyl hydrate, flowers of benzoin. * * * ben·zo·ic acid ben .zō ik …   Medical dictionary

  • benzoic acid — noun A white crystalline organic acid, CHCOOH; the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid; used as a food preservative and in many other industrial applications. Syn: E210, preservative …   Wiktionary

  • benzoic acid — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from benzoin Date: 1791 a white crystalline acid C6H5COOH found naturally (as in benzoin or in cranberries) or made synthetically and used especially as a preservative of foods, in medicine,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • benzoic acid — an antiseptic, active against fungi and bacteria, used as a preservative in foods and pharmaceutical preparations and, combined with salicylic acid, in the form of an ointment for the treatment of ringworm …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • benzoic acid — /bɛnˌzoʊɪk ˈæsəd/ (say ben.zohik asuhd) noun a white, crystalline acid, C6H5COOH, obtained from benzoin and other balsams or from toluene, used in medicine, aniline dye manufacture, as a food preservative, etc. {benz(ene) + oic + acid1} …   Australian English dictionary

  • benzoic acid — noun a white crystalline solid occurring in many resins • Hypernyms: ↑carboxylic acid …   Useful english dictionary

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