Steel
Steel Steel (st[=e]l), n. [AS. st[=e]l, st[=y]l, st[=y]le; akin to D. staal, G. stahl, OHG. stahal, Icel. st[=a]l, Dan. staal, Sw. st[*a]l, Old Prussian stakla.] 1. (Metal) A variety of iron intermediate in composition and properties between wrought iron and cast iron (containing between one half of one per cent and one and a half per cent of carbon), and consisting of an alloy of iron with an iron carbide. Steel, unlike wrought iron, can be tempered, and retains magnetism. Its malleability decreases, and fusibility increases, with an increase in carbon. [1913 Webster]

2. An instrument or implement made of steel; as: [1913 Webster] (a) A weapon, as a sword, dagger, etc. ``Brave Macbeth . . . with his brandished steel.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

While doubting thus he stood, Received the steel bathed in his brother's blood. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] (b) An instrument of steel (usually a round rod) for sharpening knives. [1913 Webster] (c) A piece of steel for striking sparks from flint. [1913 Webster]

3. Fig.: Anything of extreme hardness; that which is characterized by sternness or rigor. ``Heads of steel.'' --Johnson. ``Manhood's heart of steel.'' --Byron. [1913 Webster]

4. (Med.) A chalybeate medicine. --Dunglison. [1913 Webster]

Note: Steel is often used in the formation of compounds, generally of obvious meaning; as, steel-clad, steel-girt, steel-hearted, steel-plated, steel-pointed, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Bessemer steel} (Metal.) See in the Vocabulary.

{Blister steel}. (Metal.) See under {Blister}.

{Cast steel} (Metal.), a fine variety of steel, originally made by smelting blister or cementation steel; hence, ordinarily, steel of any process of production when remelted and cast.

{Chrome steel}, {Chromium steel} (Metal.), a hard, tenacious variety containing a little chromium, and somewhat resembling {tungsten steel}.

{Mild steel} (Metal.), a kind of steel having a lower proportion of carbon than ordinary steel, rendering it softer and more malleable.

{Puddled steel} (Metal.), a variety of steel produced from cast iron by the puddling process.

{Steel duck} (Zo["o]l.), the goosander, or merganser. [Prov. Eng.]

{Steel mill}. (a) (Firearms) See {Wheel lock}, under {Wheel}. (b) A mill which has steel grinding surfaces. (c) A mill where steel is manufactured.

{Steel trap}, a trap for catching wild animals. It consists of two iron jaws, which close by means of a powerful steel spring when the animal disturbs the catch, or tongue, by which they are kept open.

{Steel wine}, wine, usually sherry, in which steel filings have been placed for a considerable time, -- used as a medicine.

{Tincture of steel} (Med.), an alcoholic solution of the chloride of iron.

{Tungsten steel} (Metal.), a variety of steel containing a small amount of tungsten, and noted for its tenacity and hardness, as well as for its malleability and tempering qualities. It is also noted for its magnetic properties. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Steel — (engl. Stahl) steht für: den englischen Originaltitel des Films Steel Man Steel (Comicserie), amerikanische Comicserie Steel, ein Genort, dessen Mutationen Leuzismus hervorrufen. den italienischen Fernsehsender gleichen Namens, siehe Steel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • steel — UK US /stiːl/ noun [U] PRODUCTION ► a strong metal that is a mixture of iron and carbon, used for making things that need a strong structure, especially vehicles and buildings: »They have an annual production of about two million tons of steel.… …   Financial and business terms

  • STEEL —    Steel, an alloy of iron and trace amounts of carbon, is a stronger material than cast iron. Known since antiquity, steel began to be produced with some degree of efficiency only in the mid 19th century, with a new industrial procedure called… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Steel — (st[=e]l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Steeled} (st[=e]ld); p. pr. & vb. n. {Steeling}.] [AS. st[=y]lan: cf. Icel. st[ae]la. See {Steel}, n.] 1. To overlay, point, or edge with steel; as, to steel a razor; to steel an ax. [1913 Webster] 2. Fig.: To make …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • steel — [stēl] n. [ME stel < OE stiele, stæli, akin to Ger stahl < IE * stak , to stand: see STAY1] 1. a hard, tough metal composed of iron alloyed with various small percentages of carbon and often variously with other metals, as nickel, chromium …   English World dictionary

  • steel — O.E. style, from West Germanic adjective *stakhlijan made of steel (Cf. O.S. stehli, O.N., M.L.G. stal, Dan. staal, Swed. stôl, M.Du. stael, Du. staal, O.H.G. stahal, Ger. Stahl), related to *stakhla standing fast, from PIE …   Etymology dictionary

  • steel — ► NOUN 1) a hard, strong grey or bluish grey alloy of iron with carbon and usually other elements, used as a structural material and in manufacturing. 2) a rod of roughened steel on which knives are sharpened. 3) strength and determination:… …   English terms dictionary

  • Steel —   [stiːl], Sir (seit 1977) David Martin Scott, britisch Politiker, * Kirkcaldy 31. 3. 1938; Jurist, arbeitete ab 1964 als Fernsehreporter; 1962 64 stellvertretender Parteisekretär der schottischen Liberalen, seit 1965 Abgeordnete im Unterhaus,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Steel — Steel. См. Сталь. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Steel — (spr. Stihl), David, geb. 1763, gelehrter Buchhändler in London; st. 1803; er schr.: The shipmasters assistant and owners manual, Lond. 1786; Elements in practice of rigging, seamanship and naval traction, ebd. 1794, 2 Bde., u.a.m …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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