Square root of a number
Square Square (skw[^a]r), a. 1. (Geom.) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as, a square figure. [1913 Webster]

2. Forming a right angle; as, a square corner. [1913 Webster]

3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a square frame. [1913 Webster]

4. Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just. [1913 Webster]

She's a most triumphant lady, if report be square to her. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

5. Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest; as, square dealing. [1913 Webster]

6. Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the accounts square. [1913 Webster]

7. Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous. [1913 Webster]

By Heaven, square eaters. More meat, I say. --Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster]

8. (Naut.) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a square-rigged vessel when they are so braced. [1913 Webster]

Note: Square is often used in self-explaining compounds or combinations, as in square-built, square-cornered, square-cut, square-nosed, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Square foot}, an area equal to that of a square the sides of which are twelve inches; 144 square inches.

{Square knot}, a knot in which the terminal and standing parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See Illust. under {Knot}.

{Square measure}, the measure of a superficies or surface which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly. The units of square measure are squares whose sides are the linear measures; as, square inches, square feet, square meters, etc.

{Square number}. See {Square}, n., 6.

{Square root of a number} or {Square root of a quantity} (Math.), that number or quantity which, multiplied by itself, produces the given number or quantity.

{Square sail} (Naut.), a four-sided sail extended upon a yard suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail boomed out. See Illust. of {Sail}.

{Square stern} (Naut.), a stern having a transom and joining the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a round stern, which has no transom.

{Three-square}, {Five-square}, etc., having three, five, etc., equal sides; as, a three-square file.

{To get square with}, to get even with; to pay off. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Square root of a quantity — Square Square (skw[^a]r), a. 1. (Geom.) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as, a square figure. [1913 Webster] 2. Forming a right angle; as, a square corner. [1913 Webster] 3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Square root of a matrix — In mathematics, the square root of a matrix extends the notion of square root from numbers to matrices. A matrix B is said to be a square root of A if the matrix product B · B is equal to A.[1] Contents 1 Properties 2 Computation methods …   Wikipedia

  • Biquadratic root of a number — Biquadratic Bi quad*rat ic, a. [Pref. bi + quadratic: cf. F. biquadratique.] (Math.) Of or pertaining to the biquadrate, or fourth power. [1913 Webster] {Biquadratic equation} (Alg.), an equation of the fourth degree, or an equation in some term… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Square root of 2 — The square root of 2, also known as Pythagoras constant, often denoted by:sqrt{2} or √2but can also be written as:2^{1/2},,is the positive real number that, when multiplied by itself, gives the number 2. Its numerical value approximated to 65… …   Wikipedia

  • Square root of 5 — The square root of 5 is the positive real number that, when multiplied by itself, gives the prime number 5. This number appears in the formula for the golden ratio. It can be denoted in surd form as::sqrt{5}.It is an irrational algebraic number.… …   Wikipedia

  • Square root of 3 — List of numbers – Irrational and suspected irrational numbers γ – ζ(3) – √2 – √3 – √5 – φ – ρ – δS – α – e – π – δ Binary 1.1011101101100111101... Decimal …   Wikipedia

  • characteristic root of a square matrix — noun (mathematics) any number such that a given square matrix minus that number times the identity matrix has a zero determinant • Syn: ↑eigenvalue, ↑eigenvalue of a matrix, ↑eigenvalue of a square matrix • Hypernyms: ↑value …   Useful english dictionary

  • square root — n the square root of a number is the number which, when multiplied by itself, equals that number square root of ▪ The square root of nine is three …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • square root — square roots N COUNT: usu N of num The square root of a number is another number which produces the first number when it is multiplied by itself. For example, the square root of 16 is 4 …   English dictionary

  • Square root — Measured fall time of a small steel sphere falling from various heights. The data is in good agreement with the predicted fall time of , where h is the height and g is the acceleration of gravity. In mathematics, a square root of a number x is a… …   Wikipedia

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