Spider orchis
Spider Spi"der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; -- so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders have the mandibles converted into poison fangs, or falcers. The abdomen is large and not segmented, with two or three pairs of spinnerets near the end, by means of which they spin threads of silk to form cocoons, or nests, to protect their eggs and young. Many species spin also complex webs to entrap the insects upon which they prey. The eyes are usually eight in number (rarely six), and are situated on the back of the cephalothorax. See Illust. under {Araneina}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Spiders are divided into two principal groups: the Dipneumona, having two lungs: and the Tetrapneumona, having four lungs. See {Mygale}. The former group includes several tribes; as, the jumping spiders (see {Saltigrad[ae]}), the wolf spiders, or {Citigrad[ae]} (see under {Wolf}), the crab spiders, or {Laterigrad[ae]} (see under {Crab}), the garden, or geometric, spiders, or {Orbitell[ae]} (see under {Geometrical}, and {Garden}), and others. See {Bird spider}, under {Bird}, {Grass spider}, under {Grass}, {House spider}, under {House}, {Silk spider}, under {Silk}. [1913 Webster]

2. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of various other arachnids resembling the true spiders, especially certain mites, as the red spider (see under {Red}). [1913 Webster]

3. An iron pan with a long handle, used as a kitchen utensil in frying food. Originally, it had long legs, and was used over coals on the hearth. [1913 Webster]

4. A trevet to support pans or pots over a fire. [1913 Webster]

5. (Mach.) A skeleton, or frame, having radiating arms or members, often connected by crosspieces; as, a casting forming the hub and spokes to which the rim of a fly wheel or large gear is bolted; the body of a piston head; a frame for strengthening a core or mold for a casting, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Spider ant}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Solitary ant}, under {Solitary}.

{Spider crab} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of maioid crabs having a more or less triangular body and ten long legs. Some of the species grow to great size, as the great Japanese spider crab ({Macrocheira Kempferi}), measuring sometimes more than fifteen feet across the legs when they are extended.

{Spider fly} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of parasitic dipterous insects of the family {Hippoboscid[ae]}. They are mostly destitute of wings, and live among the feathers of birds and the hair of bats. Called also {bird tick}, and {bat tick}.

{Spider hunter} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of East Indian sunbirds of the genus {Arachnothera}.

{Spider lines}, filaments of a spider's web crossing the field of vision in optical instruments; -- used for determining the exact position of objects and making delicate measurements. Fine wires, silk fibers, or lines on glass similarly placed, are called spider lines.

{Spider mite}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) Any one of several species of parasitic mites of the genus {Argas} and allied genera. See {Argas}. (b) Any one of numerous small mites injurious to plants.

{Spider monkey} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of South American monkeys of the genus {Ateles}, having very long legs and a long prehensile tail.

{Spider orchis} (Bot.), a European orchidaceous plant ({Ophrys aranifera}), having flowers which resemble spiders.

{Spider shell} (Zo["o]l.), any shell of the genus {Pteroceras}. See {Pteroceras}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • spider orchis — noun see spider orchid …   Useful english dictionary

  • Spider — Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders have… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spider ant — Spider Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spider crab — Spider Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spider fly — Spider Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spider hunter — Spider Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spider lines — Spider Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spider mite — Spider Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spider monkey — Spider Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spider shell — Spider Spi der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”