Spider Spi"der, n.[OE. spi[thorn]re, fr. AS. spinnan to spin; -- so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel. See {Spin}.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders have the mandibles converted into poison fangs, or falcers. The abdomen is large and not segmented, with two or three pairs of spinnerets near the end, by means of which they spin threads of silk to form cocoons, or nests, to protect their eggs and young. Many species spin also complex webs to entrap the insects upon which they prey. The eyes are usually eight in number (rarely six), and are situated on the back of the cephalothorax. See Illust. under {Araneina}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Spiders are divided into two principal groups: the Dipneumona, having two lungs: and the Tetrapneumona, having four lungs. See {Mygale}. The former group includes several tribes; as, the jumping spiders (see {Saltigrad[ae]}), the wolf spiders, or {Citigrad[ae]} (see under {Wolf}), the crab spiders, or {Laterigrad[ae]} (see under {Crab}), the garden, or geometric, spiders, or {Orbitell[ae]} (see under {Geometrical}, and {Garden}), and others. See {Bird spider}, under {Bird}, {Grass spider}, under {Grass}, {House spider}, under {House}, {Silk spider}, under {Silk}. [1913 Webster]

2. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of various other arachnids resembling the true spiders, especially certain mites, as the red spider (see under {Red}). [1913 Webster]

3. An iron pan with a long handle, used as a kitchen utensil in frying food. Originally, it had long legs, and was used over coals on the hearth. [1913 Webster]

4. A trevet to support pans or pots over a fire. [1913 Webster]

5. (Mach.) A skeleton, or frame, having radiating arms or members, often connected by crosspieces; as, a casting forming the hub and spokes to which the rim of a fly wheel or large gear is bolted; the body of a piston head; a frame for strengthening a core or mold for a casting, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Spider ant}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Solitary ant}, under {Solitary}.

{Spider crab} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of maioid crabs having a more or less triangular body and ten long legs. Some of the species grow to great size, as the great Japanese spider crab ({Macrocheira Kempferi}), measuring sometimes more than fifteen feet across the legs when they are extended.

{Spider fly} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of parasitic dipterous insects of the family {Hippoboscid[ae]}. They are mostly destitute of wings, and live among the feathers of birds and the hair of bats. Called also {bird tick}, and {bat tick}.

{Spider hunter} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of East Indian sunbirds of the genus {Arachnothera}.

{Spider lines}, filaments of a spider's web crossing the field of vision in optical instruments; -- used for determining the exact position of objects and making delicate measurements. Fine wires, silk fibers, or lines on glass similarly placed, are called spider lines.

{Spider mite}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) Any one of several species of parasitic mites of the genus {Argas} and allied genera. See {Argas}. (b) Any one of numerous small mites injurious to plants.

{Spider monkey} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of South American monkeys of the genus {Ateles}, having very long legs and a long prehensile tail.

{Spider orchis} (Bot.), a European orchidaceous plant ({Ophrys aranifera}), having flowers which resemble spiders.

{Spider shell} (Zo["o]l.), any shell of the genus {Pteroceras}. See {Pteroceras}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • spider — [ spidɛr ] n. m. • 1877; mot angl. « araignée », à cause des hautes roues et des sièges surélevés ♦ Anciennt 1 ♦ Voiture hippomobile décapotable, à quatre roues, proche du phaéton. 2 ♦ (1930) Coffre aménagé à l arrière d un cabriolet automobile… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Spider — (englisch für „Spinne“) steht für: Alfa Romeo Spider, ein Cabriolet Spider Krater, ein Einschlagkrater in Westaustralien Spider (Film), Film von David Cronenberg WWW Suchprogramme, siehe Webcrawler Spider (Patience), Patience Variation, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • spider — O.E. spiþra, from P.Gmc. *spenthro (Cf. Dan. spinder), from *spenwanan to spin (see SPIN (Cf. spin)). The connection with the root is more transparent in other Germanic cognates (Cf. M.L.G., M.Du., M.H.G., Ger. spinne, Du. spin spider ). In… …   Etymology dictionary

  • spider — spíder s. n., pl. spídere Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  SPÍDER s.n. Loc amenajat într un automobil de sport, în spatele scaunelor, pentru a plasa bagaje sau, eventual, pasageri. [< fr. spider]. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • SPIDER — (Heb. עַכָּבִישׁ, akkavish). Isaiah (59:5–6) compares the evil designs of those who plot against the righteous to the webs which the spider spins to trap insects, while Job (8:14–15) compares the house of the wicked to the spider s fragile web.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Spider —    Drame de David Cronenberg d après le roman de Patrick McGrath, avec Ralph Fiennes (Spider), Bradley Hall (Spider enfant), Gabriel Byrne (Bill), Miranda Richardson, Lynn Redgrave, John Neville.   Pays: Canada   Date de sortie: 2001   Technique …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • spider — ► NOUN 1) an eight legged predatory arachnid with an unsegmented body consisting of a fused head and thorax and a rounded abdomen, most kinds of which spin webs in which to capture insects. 2) Billiards & Snooker a long legged rest for a cue that …   English terms dictionary

  • spider — spider, Also known as bot or crawler. A computer program or programs which seek out and collect information from publicly available websites. Such programs are used by search engines (such as Yahoo!, Google and AltaVista) to visit websites and… …   Law dictionary

  • Spider — (engl., spr. ßpaider, »Spinne«), vierräderiger, hochgebauter Selbstfahrer für Damen, mit bockartigem verdeckten Sitzplatz; Sepider Phaethon ohne Verdeck, Selbstfahrer für Herren …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Spider — Spider,der:⇨Kabrio[lett] …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

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