Specific heat
specific spe*cif"ic (sp[-e]*s[i^]f"[i^]k), a. [F. sp['e]cifique, or NL. spesificus; L. species a particular sort or kind + facere to make. Cf. {specify}.] 1. Of or pertaining to a species; characterizing or constituting a species; possessing the peculiar property or properties of a thing which constitute its species, and distinguish it from other things; as, the specific form of an animal or a plant; the specific qualities of a drug; the specific distinction between virtue and vice. [1913 Webster]

Specific difference is that primary attribute which distinguishes each species from one another. --I. Watts. [1913 Webster]

2. Specifying; definite, or making definite; limited; precise; discriminating; as, a specific statement. [1913 Webster]

3. (Med.) Exerting a peculiar influence over any part of the body; preventing or curing disease by a peculiar adaptation, and not on general principles; as, quinine is a specific medicine in cases of malaria. [1913 Webster]

In fact, all medicines will be found specific in the perfection of the science. --Coleridge. [1913 Webster]

{Specific character} (Nat. Hist.), a characteristic or characteristics distinguishing one species from every other species of the same genus.

{Specific disease} (Med.) (a) A disease which produces a determinate definite effect upon the blood and tissues or upon some special tissue. (b) A disease which is itself uniformly produced by a definite and peculiar poison or organism.

{Specific duty}. (Com.) See under {Duty}.

{Specific gravity}. (Physics) See under {Gravity}.

{Specific heat} (Physics), the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a body one degree, taking as the unit of measure the quantity required to raise the same weight of water from zero to one degree; thus, the specific heat of mercury is 0.033, that of water being 1.000.

{Specific inductive capacity} (Physics), the effect of a dielectric body in producing static electric induction as compared with that of some other body or bodies referred to as a standard.

{Specific legacy} (Law), a bequest of a particular thing, as of a particular animal or piece of furniture, specified and distinguished from all others. --Wharton. --Burrill.

{Specific name} (Nat. Hist.), the name which, appended to the name of the genus, constitutes the distinctive name of the species; -- originally applied by Linn[ae]us to the essential character of the species, or the essential difference. The present specific name he at first called the {trivial name}.

{Specific performance} (Law), the peformance of a contract or agreement as decreed by a court of equity. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • specific heat — n 1) the ratio of the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a body one degree to that required to raise the temperature of an equal mass of water one degree 2) the heat in calories required to raise the temperature of one gram of… …   Medical dictionary

  • specific heat — n. 1. the number of calories needed to raise the temperature of one gram of a given substance 1°C 2. the ratio of the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a given mass of a substance one degree to the amount of heat required to… …   English World dictionary

  • specific heat — Physics. 1. the number of calories required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance 1°C, or the number of BTU s per pound per degree F. 2. (originally) the ratio of the thermal capacity of a substance to that of standard material. [1825 …   Universalium

  • specific heat — savitoji šiluminė talpa statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Vienetinės masės medžiagos šiluminė talpa. atitikmenys: angl. heat capacity per unit mass; massic heat capacity; specific heat; specific heat capacity vok.… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • specific heat — savitoji šiluminė talpa statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Šiluminė talpa, padalyta iš masės. atitikmenys: angl. heat capacity per unit mass; massic heat capacity; specific heat; specific heat capacity vok. Eigenwärme, f; …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • specific heat — savitoji šiluminė talpa statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Šilumos kiekis, kurį reikia suteikti 1 kg medžiagos, kad jos temperatūra pakiltų vienu kelvinu. atitikmenys: angl. heat capacity per unit mass; massic heat… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • specific heat — noun a) the ratio of the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of a unit mass of substance by a unit degree to the amount of heat needed to raise that of the same mass of water by the same amount b) the amount of heat, in calories,… …   Wiktionary

  • specific heat — savitoji šiluma statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Šilumos kiekis, kurį reikia suteikti 1 kg medžiagos, kad jos temperatūra pakiltų vienu kelvinu. atitikmenys: angl. specific heat rus. удельная теплота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • specific heat — savitoji šiluma statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. specific heat vok. spezifische Wärme, f rus. удельная теплота, f pranc. chaleur massique, f; chaleur spécifique, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • specific heat — noun the heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of a substance one degree centigrade (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑heat, ↑heat energy …   Useful english dictionary

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