Species
Species Spe"cies, n. sing. & pl. [L., a sight, outward appearance, shape, form, a particular sort, kind, or quality, a species. See {Spice}, n., and cf. {Specie}, {Special}.] 1. Visible or sensible presentation; appearance; a sensible percept received by the imagination; an image. [R.] ``The species of the letters illuminated with indigo and violet.'' --Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster]

Wit, . . . the faculty of imagination in the writer, which searches over all the memory for the species or ideas of those things which it designs to represent. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

Note: In the scholastic philosophy, the species was sensible and intelligible. The sensible species was that in any material, object which was in fact discerned by the mind through the organ of perception, or that in any object which rendered it possible that it should be perceived. The sensible species, as apprehended by the understanding in any of the relations of thought, was called an intelligible species. ``An apparent diversity between the species visible and audible is, that the visible doth not mingle in the medium, but the audible doth.'' --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

2. (Logic) A group of individuals agreeing in common attributes, and designated by a common name; a conception subordinated to another conception, called a genus, or generic conception, from which it differs in containing or comprehending more attributes, and extending to fewer individuals. Thus, {man} is a species, under {animal} as a genus; and man, in its turn, may be regarded as a genus with respect to {European}, {American}, or the like, as species. [1913 Webster]

3. In science, a more or less permanent group of existing things or beings, associated according to attributes, or properties determined by scientific observation. [1913 Webster]

Note: In mineralogy and chemistry, objects which possess the same definite chemical structure, and are fundamentally the same in crystallization and physical characters, are classed as belonging to a species. In zo["o]logy and botany, a species is an ideal group of individuals which are believed to have descended from common ancestors, which agree in essential characteristics, and are capable of indefinitely continued fertile reproduction through the sexes. A species, as thus defined, differs from a variety or subspecies only in the greater stability of its characters and in the absence of individuals intermediate between the related groups. [1913 Webster]

4. A sort; a kind; a variety; as, a species of low cunning; a species of generosity; a species of cloth. [1913 Webster]

5. Coin, or coined silver, gold, or other metal, used as a circulating medium; specie. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

There was, in the splendor of the Roman empire, a less quantity of current species in Europe than there is now. --Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster]

6. A public spectacle or exhibition. [Obs.] --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

7. (Pharmacy) (a) A component part of a compound medicine; a simple. (b) (Med.) An officinal mixture or compound powder of any kind; esp., one used for making an aromatic tea or tisane; a tea mixture. --Quincy. [1913 Webster]

8. (Civil Law) The form or shape given to materials; fashion or shape; form; figure. --Burill. [1913 Webster]

{Incipient species} (Zo["o]l.), a subspecies, or variety, which is in process of becoming permanent, and thus changing to a true species, usually by isolation in localities from which other varieties are excluded. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Species — • In scholastic terminology, species is the necessary determinant of every cognitive process Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Species     Species      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Species — Título Species, Especie Mortal Ficha técnica Dirección Roger Donaldson Producción Dennis Feldman Frank Mancuso Jr …   Wikipedia Español

  • Species — (lat. „Anblick“, „Gestalt“, „Erscheinung“) ist: eine Spielfilm Reihe, bestehend aus: Species (Film) (1995) Species II (1998) Species III (2004) Species IV – Das Erwachen (2007) ein numismatischer Begriff, der z. B. im Speciesthaler vorkommt und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SPECIES — apud incertum Auctorem MS. in Periegesi Orbis rom. His similiter et Seleucie civitas optima, quae et ipsa omnia, quae veniunt, praedictae ANtiochiae offert, et Fiscales Species et Privatas vox est ICtis notissima, quibus idem sonat, quod… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • species — [spē′shēz, ] also [ spē′sēz] n. pl. species [L, a seeing, appearance, shape, kind, or quality < base of specere, to see: see SPY] 1. a distinct kind; sort; variety; class [a species of bravery] 2. Obs. outward form, appearance, or mental image …   English World dictionary

  • species — (n.) 1550s, a classification in logic, from L. species kind, sort, originally appearance, sight, a seeing, related to specere to look at, to see, behold, from PIE *spek (see SCOPE (Cf. scope) (1)). Biological sense is from c.1600. Endangered… …   Etymology dictionary

  • SPECIES —         (лат.) вид. Философский энциклопедический словарь. М.: Советская энциклопедия. Гл. редакция: Л. Ф. Ильичёв, П. Н. Федосеев, С. М. Ковалёв, В. Г. Панов. 1983. SPECIES …   Философская энциклопедия

  • Specĭes — (lat.), 1) Gestalt, Anblick, äußeres Ansehen, Beschaffenheit, Begriff; 2) einzelne Art (s.d. 3) als Unterabtheilung eines Geschlechts (s. Genus 3) od. einer Gattung (s.d. 2); 3) (Grundrechnungen, Grundoperationen), die vier allen übrigen zum… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • species — ► NOUN (pl. same) 1) Biology a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. 2) (before another noun ) denoting a plant belonging to a distinct species rather than to one of the many… …   English terms dictionary

  • species — См. Вид (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”