Slave Slave (sl[=a]v), n. [Cf. F. esclave, D. slaaf, Dan. slave, sclave, Sw. slaf, all fr. G. sklave, MHG. also slave, from the national name of the Slavonians, or Sclavonians (in LL. Slavi or Sclavi), who were frequently made slaves by the Germans. See {Slav}.] 1. A person who is held in bondage to another; one who is wholly subject to the will of another; one who is held as a chattel; one who has no freedom of action, but whose person and services are wholly under the control of another. [1913 Webster]

Art thou our slave, Our captive, at the public mill our drudge? --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. One who has lost the power of resistance; one who surrenders himself to any power whatever; as, a slave to passion, to lust, to strong drink, to ambition. [1913 Webster]

3. A drudge; one who labors like a slave. [1913 Webster]

4. An abject person; a wretch. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Slave ant} (Zo["o]l.), any species of ants which is captured and enslaved by another species, especially {Formica fusca} of Europe and America, which is commonly enslaved by {Formica sanguinea}.

{Slave catcher}, one who attempted to catch and bring back a fugitive slave to his master.

{Slave coast}, part of the western coast of Africa to which slaves were brought to be sold to foreigners.

{Slave driver}, one who superintends slaves at their work; hence, figuratively, a cruel taskmaster.

{Slave hunt}. (a) A search after persons in order to reduce them to slavery. --Barth. (b) A search after fugitive slaves, often conducted with bloodhounds.

{Slave ship}, a vessel employed in the slave trade or used for transporting slaves; a slaver.

{Slave trade}, the business of dealing in slaves, especially of buying them for transportation from their homes to be sold elsewhere.

{Slave trader}, one who traffics in slaves. [1913 Webster]

Syn: Bond servant; bondman; bondslave; captive; henchman; vassal; dependent; drudge. See {Serf}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • slave — [ slav ] adj. et n. • 1575; sclave 1573; lat. médiév. sclavus; cf. esclave ♦ Se dit de peuples d Europe centrale et orientale dont les langues sont apparentées. Peuples slaves. Union slave. ⇒ panslavisme. Le charme slave, qu on prête… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • slave — (slāv) n. 1. One who is owned as the property of someone else, especially in involuntary servitude. 2. One who is subservient to or controlled by another: »his boss s slave. 3. One who is subject to or controlled by a specified influence: »a… …   Word Histories

  • Slave — (engl. für „Sklave“), nicht zu verwechseln mit Slawe, steht für: Master/Slave, ein allgemeines hierarchisches Prinzip der Regelung und Steuerung Slave River, ein Fluss in Kanada Eine devote Person (auch „Sub“ genannt) im BDSM Ein fotografisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • slave — [slāv] n. [ME sclave < OFr or ML: OFr esclave < ML sclavus, slave, orig., Slav < LGr Sklabos, ult. < OSlav Slovēne, native name of a Slavic people: first used of captives of Slavic orig. in SE Europe] 1. a human being who is owned as… …   English World dictionary

  • Slave — Indian tribe of northwestern Canada, 1789, from SLAVE (Cf. slave) (n.), translating Cree (Algonquian) awahkan captive, slave …   Etymology dictionary

  • Slave — Slave, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Slaved}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Slaving}.] To drudge; to toil; to labor as a slave. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • slave — (izg. slȇjv) m DEFINICIJA inform. naziv za podređeni, podčinjeni ili sporedni uređaj [primarni slave; sekundarni slave], opr. master (4) ETIMOLOGIJA engl …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Slave — (sl[aum]v or sl[a^]v; 277) n. See {Slav}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Slave — Slave, v. t. To enslave. Marston. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • slave — index captive Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 slave n. A person owned by and forced t …   Law dictionary

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