Sisymbrium officinale
Mustard Mus"tard, n. [OF. moustarde, F. moutarde, fr. L. mustum must, -- mustard was prepared for use by being mixed with must. See {Must}, n.] 1. (Bot.) The name of several cruciferous plants of the genus {Brassica} (formerly {Sinapis}), as {white mustard} ({Brassica alba}), {black mustard} ({Brassica Nigra}), {wild mustard} or {charlock} ({Brassica Sinapistrum}). [1913 Webster]

Note: There are also many herbs of the same family which are called mustard, and have more or less of the flavor of the true mustard; as, bowyer's mustard ({Lepidium ruderale}); hedge mustard ({Sisymbrium officinale}); Mithridate mustard ({Thlaspi arvense}); tower mustard ({Arabis perfoliata}); treacle mustard ({Erysimum cheiranthoides}). [1913 Webster]

2. A powder or a paste made from the seeds of black or white mustard, used as a condiment and a rubefacient. Taken internally it is stimulant and diuretic, and in large doses is emetic. [1913 Webster]

{Mustard oil} (Chem.), a substance obtained from mustard, as a transparent, volatile and intensely pungent oil. The name is also extended to a number of analogous compounds produced either naturally or artificially. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sisymbrium officinale — Sisymbre officinal Sisymbre officinal …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sisymbrium officinale —   Erísimo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sisymbrium officinale — Weg Rauke Weg Rauke (Sisymbrium officinale) Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpollen Zweikeimblättrige (Rosopsida) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sisymbrium officinale — taxobox name = Hedge mustard regnum = Plantae unranked divisio = Angiosperms unranked classis = Eudicots unranked ordo = Rosids ordo = Brassicales familia = Brassicaceae genus = Sisymbrium species = S. officinale binomial = Sisymbrium officinale… …   Wikipedia

  • Sisymbrium officinale — vaistinė pikulė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bastutinių šeimos vaistinis augalas (Sisymbrium officinale), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, Europoje ir Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Sisymbrium officinale angl. hedge mustard; tumble mustard… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Sisymbrium officinale — ID 78628 Symbol Key SIOF Common Name hedgemustard Family Brassicaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AR, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA,… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Sisymbrium officinale — noun stiffly branching Old World annual with pale yellow flowers; widely naturalized in North America; formerly used medicinally • Syn: ↑hedge mustard • Hypernyms: ↑herb, ↑herbaceous plant • Member Holonyms: ↑genus Sisymbrium …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. — однол.; V–IX Сем. Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) – Крестоцветные 125. Род Sisymbrium L. – Гулявник 274. Гулявник лекарственный Мусорные места. Редко. Найден в кв. 1, а также в дер. Мошары …   Флора Центрально-лесного государственного заповедника

  • Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. — Symbol SIOF Common Name hedgemustard Botanical Family Brassicaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. var. leiocarpum DC. — Symbol SIOF Synonym Symbol SIOFL Botanical Family Brassicaceae …   Scientific plant list

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