Silicon Sil"i*con, n. [See {Silica}.] (Chem.) A nonmetalic element analogous to carbon. It always occurs combined in nature, and is artificially obtained in the free state, usually as a dark brown amorphous powder, or as a dark crystalline substance with a meetallic luster. Its oxide is silica, or common quartz, and in this form, or as silicates, it is, next to oxygen, the most abundant element of the earth's crust. Silicon is characteristically the element of the mineral kingdom, as carbon is of the organic world. Symbol Si. Atomic weight 28. Called also {silicium}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • silicon — nonmetallic element, 1817, coined by British chemist Thomas Thomson from SILICA (Cf. silica) (silicon dioxide), from which it was isolated. The name is patterned on carbon, etc. Silicon chip first attested 1965; Silicon Valley for the Santa Clara …   Etymology dictionary

  • silicon — sil‧i‧con [ˈsɪlɪkən] noun [uncountable] an Element (= simple chemical substance) that is often used for making parts for computers and other things such as glass * * * silicon UK US /ˈsɪlɪkən/ noun [U] PRODUCTION, IT ► a chemical element which… …   Financial and business terms

  • silicon — SILICÓN, siliconi, s.m. Compus macromolecular cu structură analoagă corpurilor organice, în stare fluidă sau sub formă de răşini, alcătuit din lanţuri sau cicluri de atomi de siliciu care alternează regulat cu atomi de oxigen. – Din fr. silicone …   Dicționar Român

  • silicon — Symbol: Si Atomic number: 14 Atomic weight: 28.086 Metalloid element belonging to group 14 of the periodic table. It is the second most abundant element in the Earth s crust, making up 25.7% of it by weight. Chemically less reactive than carbon.… …   Elements of periodic system

  • silicon — ► NOUN ▪ a grey non metallic chemical element with semiconducting properties, used in making electronic circuits. ORIGIN from Latin silex flint , on the pattern of carbon and boron …   English terms dictionary

  • silicon — [sil′i kän΄, sil′ikən] n. [ModL: altered (1817, by T. Thomson (1773 1852), Scot chemist, modeled on BORON, CARBON, because of chemical resemblances) < SILICIUM] a nonmetallic chemical element occurring in several forms, found always in… …   English World dictionary

  • Silicon — Not to be confused with the silicon containing synthetic polymer silicone. aluminium ← silicon → phosphorus C ↑ Si ↓ Ge …   Wikipedia

  • silicon — /sil i keuhn, kon /, n. Chem. a nonmetallic element, having amorphous and crystalline forms, occurring in a combined state in minerals and rocks and constituting more than one fourth of the earth s crust: used in steelmaking, alloys, etc. Symbol …   Universalium

  • Silicon — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Silicon », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Silicon est le nom anglais du silicium (il s… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • silicon — [[t]sɪ̱lɪkən[/t]] N UNCOUNT Silicon is an element that is found in sand and in minerals such as quartz and granite. Silicon is used to make parts of computers and other electronic equipment. ...a thin layer of silicon oxide... Each new chip will… …   English dictionary

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