Silicon Sil"i*con, n. [See {Silica}.] (Chem.) A nonmetalic element analogous to carbon. It always occurs combined in nature, and is artificially obtained in the free state, usually as a dark brown amorphous powder, or as a dark crystalline substance with a meetallic luster. Its oxide is silica, or common quartz, and in this form, or as silicates, it is, next to oxygen, the most abundant element of the earth's crust. Silicon is characteristically the element of the mineral kingdom, as carbon is of the organic world. Symbol Si. Atomic weight 28. Called also {silicium}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Silicium — Aluminium ← Silicium → Phosphore C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SILICIUM — Le silicium (symbole Si, numéro atomique 14) ne se trouve pas à l’état natif, mais constitue, sous forme de silice et de silicates, l’élément le plus abondant (environ 28 p. 100), après l’oxygène, à la surface du globe (cf. SILICATES, SILICE).… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Silicium — Si*lic i*um, n. See {Silicon}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Silicĭum — Silicĭum, so v.w. Kiesel 2). Siliciumfluorid, so v.w. Kieselfluorid, s.u. Kiesel 2) E), vgl. Kieselfluormetalle. Siliciumoxyd, so v.w. Kieseloxyd, s.u. Kiesel 2) A) a). Silieniumwasserstoff, so v.w. Kieselwasserstoff, s.u. Kiesel 2) B) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Silicĭum — (lat.), Kiesel …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Silicium — Silicium, lat., s. Kieselerde; Silicat, kieselsaures Salz …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • silicium — [sə lish′ē əm, səlis′ē əm] n. [ModL: so named (1808) by DAVY Sir Humphry < L silex, flint (see SILEX) + IUM] former name for SILICON …   English World dictionary

  • Silicium — Eigenschaften …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Silicium — Si|li|ci|um 〈n.; s; unz.; chem. ; fachsprachl.〉 = Silizium [zu lat. silex „Kieselstein“] * * * Si|li|ci|um [↑ Silic u. ↑ ium (1)], das; s; Symbol: Si; S: Silizium: chem. Element aus Gruppe 14 des Periodensystems ( …   Universal-Lexikon

  • silicium — silicis statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. silicium; silicon vok. Silizium, n rus. кремний, m pranc. silicium, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

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