Shrike Shrike, n. [Akin to Icel. skr[=i]kja a shrieker, the shrike, and E. shriek; cf. AS. scr[=i]c a thrush. See {Shriek}, v. i.] (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of oscinine birds of the family {Laniid[ae]}, having a strong hooked bill, toothed at the tip. Most shrikes are insectivorous, but the common European gray shrike ({Lanius excubitor}), the great northern shrike ({L. borealis}), and several others, kill mice, small birds, etc., and often impale them on thorns, and are, on that account called also {butcher birds}. See under {Butcher}. [1913 Webster]

Note: The ant shrikes, or bush shrikes, are clamatorial birds of the family {Formicarid[ae]}. The cuckoo shrikes of the East Indies and Australia are Oscines of the family {Campephagid[ae]}. The drongo shrikes of the same regions belong to the related family {Dicrurid[ae]}. See {Drongo}. [1913 Webster]

{Crow shrike}. See under {Crow}.

{Shrike thrush}. (a) Any one of several species of Asiatic timaline birds of the genera {Thamnocataphus}, {Gampsorhynchus}, and allies. (b) Any one of several species of shrikelike Australian singing birds of the genus {Colluricincla}.

{Shrike tit}. (a) Any one of several Australian birds of the genus {Falcunculus}, having a strong toothed bill and sharp claws. They creep over the bark of trees, like titmice, in search of insects. (b) Any one of several species of small Asiatic birds belonging to {Allotrius}, {Pteruthius}, {Cutia}, {Leioptila}, and allied genera, related to the true tits. Called also {hill tit}.

{Swallow shrike}. See under {Swallow}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

(Lanius excubitor)

Look at other dictionaries:

  • shrike — O.E. scric thrush, lit. bird with a shrill call, probably echoic of its cry and related to SHRIEK (Cf. shriek) (Cf. O.N. skrikja shrieker, shrike ) …   Etymology dictionary

  • shrike — [shrīk] n. [via dial. < OE scric, thrush, shrike, akin to ME schriken, SHRIEK] any of a family (Laniidae) of predatory, shrill voiced passerine birds with hooked beaks, gray, black, and white plumage, and long tails: most types feed on insects …   English World dictionary

  • Shrike — ist der englische Name der Würger (Laniidae), einer Vogelfamilie aus der Ordnung der Sperlingsvögel (Passeriformes) der Name einer US amerikanischen taktische Luft Boden Rakete der Name einer Figur in einem Romanzyklus von Dan Simmons …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • shrike — ► NOUN ▪ a predatory songbird with a hooked bill, often impaling its prey on thorns. ORIGIN imitative …   English terms dictionary

  • Shrike — Taxobox name = Shrikes image caption = Loggerhead Shrike regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes subordo = Passeri familia = Laniidae subdivision ranks = Genera subdivision = * Lanius * Eurocephalus * Corvinella… …   Wikipedia

  • shrike — /shruyk/, n. 1. any of numerous predaceous oscine birds of the family Laniidae, having a strong, hooked, and toothed bill, feeding on insects and sometimes on small birds and other animals: the members of certain species impale their prey on… …   Universalium

  • shrike — ant·shrike; shrike; …   English syllables

  • Shrike — Запуск ракеты «Шрайк» с самолёта Дуглас A 4C «Скайхок» AGM 45 «Шрайк» (англ. AGM 45 Shrike)  американская ракета для подавления радиоизлучающих целей противника (радаров). Разработана Центром морских технологий в Чайна Лейк в 1963 году. За основу …   Википедия

  • shrike — noun Etymology: perhaps from Middle English *shrik, from Old English scrīc thrush; akin to Middle English shriken to shriek Date: 1544 any of numerous usually largely gray or brownish oscine birds (family Laniidae) that have a hooked bill, feed… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • shrike — noun Any of various passerine birds of the family Laniidae which are known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”