shire
County Coun"ty (koun"t[y^]), n.; pl. {Counties} (-t[i^]z). [F. comt['e], fr. LL. comitatus. See {Count}.] 1. An earldom; the domain of a count or earl. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

2. A circuit or particular portion of a state or kingdom, separated from the rest of the territory, for certain purposes in the administration of justice and public affairs; -- called also a {shire}. See {Shire}. [1913 Webster]

Every county, every town, every family, was in agitation. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

3. A count; an earl or lord. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{County commissioners}. See {Commissioner}.

{County corporate}, a city or town having the privilege to be a county by itself, and to be governed by its own sheriffs and other magistrates, irrespective of the officers of the county in which it is situated; as London, York, Bristol, etc. [Eng.] --Mozley & W.

{County court}, a court whose jurisdiction is limited to county.

{County palatine}, a county distinguished by particular privileges; -- so called a palatio (from the palace), because the owner had originally royal powers, or the same powers, in the administration of justice, as the king had in his palace; but these powers are now abridged. The counties palatine, in England, are Lancaster, Chester, and Durham.

{County rates}, rates levied upon the county, and collected by the boards of guardians, for the purpose of defraying the expenses to which counties are liable, such as repairing bridges, jails, etc. [Eng.]

{County seat}, a county town. [U.S.]

{County sessions}, the general quarter sessions of the peace for each county, held four times a year. [Eng.]

{County town}, the town of a county, where the county business is transacted; a shire town. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shire — Shire, n. [AS. sc[=i]re, sc[=i]r, a division, province, county. Cf. {Sheriff}.] 1. A portion of Great Britain originally under the supervision of an earl; a territorial division, usually identical with a county, but sometimes limited to a smaller …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shire — steht für: Shire (Verwaltungseinheit), Verwaltungseinheit im angelsächsischen Raum Shire (Fluss), Fluss in Afrika Shire Hochland, Hochland in Afrika Shire Horse, Pferderasse Shire Pharmaceuticals, britisches Pharmaunternehmen Shire ist der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shire — • Vicariate apostolic in Nyassaland Protectorate, Africa Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Shire     Shire     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • shire — ● shire nom masculin (anglais shire) Division territoriale des îles Britanniques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • shire — [ʃaıə US ʃaır] n 1.) the shires also the shire counties counties in England that mostly consist of country areas 2.) BrE old use a ↑county …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Shire — [ ʃaiə] das; s, s <aus gleichbed. engl. shire (horse)> der größten u. schwersten engl. Kaltblutrasse angehörendes Arbeitspferd …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • shire — O.E. scir administrative office or district, from P.Gmc. *skizo (Cf. O.H.G. scira care, official charge ). Ousted since 14c. by Anglo Fr. COUNTY (Cf. county) (q.v.). The gentrified sense is from The Shires (1796), used by people in other parts of …   Etymology dictionary

  • shire — In England, the shires are traditionally the old foxhunting areas of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, and the former county of Rutland. Since the reorganization of local government in 1972 and 1986 the term shire county has been applied to the… …   Modern English usage

  • shire — [shīr] n. [ME < OE scir, office, charge, akin to OHG scīra, official charge] 1. any of the former districts or regions in Great Britain 2. any of the counties of England, esp. one with a name ending in shire 3. any of a breed of large,… …   English World dictionary

  • Shire — (spr. schair, in Zusammensetzungen dagegen schĭr: vom sächs. sciran, trennen), in England seit dem 8. Jahrh. Bezeichnung für die allmählich entstandenen Unterabteilungen der angelsächsischen Königreiche, später auch in Schottland eingeführt und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Shire — (spr. scheir, in Zusammensetzungen schir), s.v.w. Grafschaft, den Eigennamen angehängt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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