Shark
Shark Shark, n. [Of uncertain origin; perhaps through OF. fr. carcharus a kind of dogfish, Gr. karchari`as, so called from its sharp teeth, fr. ka`rcharos having sharp or jagged teeth; or perhaps named from its rapacity (cf. {Shark}, v. t. & i.); cf. Corn. scarceas.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of elasmobranch fishes of the order Plagiostomi, found in all seas. [1913 Webster]

Note: Some sharks, as the basking shark and the whale shark, grow to an enormous size, the former becoming forty feet or more, and the latter sixty feet or more, in length. Most of them are harmless to man, but some are exceedingly voracious. The man-eating sharks mostly belong to the genera {Carcharhinus}, {Carcharodon}, and related genera. They have several rows of large sharp teeth with serrated edges, as the great white shark ({Carcharodon carcharias} or {Carcharodon Rondeleti}) of tropical seas, and the great blue shark ({Carcharhinus glaucus}) of all tropical and temperate seas. The former sometimes becomes thirty-six feet long, and is the most voracious and dangerous species known. The rare man-eating shark of the United States coast ({Charcarodon Atwoodi}) is thought by some to be a variety, or the young, of {C. carcharias}. The dusky shark ({Carcharhinus obscurus}), and the smaller blue shark ({C. caudatus}), both common species on the coast of the United States, are of moderate size and not dangerous. They feed on shellfish and bottom fishes. [1913 Webster]

2. A rapacious, artful person; a sharper. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

3. Trickery; fraud; petty rapine; as, to live upon the shark. [Obs.] --South. [1913 Webster]

{Baskin shark}, {Liver shark}, {Nurse shark}, {Oil shark}, {Sand shark}, {Tiger shark}, etc. See under {Basking}, {Liver}, etc. See also {Dogfish}, {Houndfish}, {Notidanian}, and {Tope}.

{Gray shark}, the sand shark.

{Hammer-headed shark}. See {Hammerhead}.

{Port Jackson shark}. See {Cestraciont}.

{Shark barrow}, the eggcase of a shark; a sea purse.

{Shark ray}. Same as {Angel fish} (a), under {Angel}.

{Thrasher shark} or {Thresher shark}, a large, voracious shark. See {Thrasher}.

{Whale shark}, a huge harmless shark ({Rhinodon typicus}) of the Indian Ocean. It becomes sixty feet or more in length, but has very small teeth. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Shark — (engl. für „Hai“) steht für: Personen: Rolf Shark (eigentlich: Karl Hans Koizar; 1922–2005), österreichischer Schriftsteller, Autor der Bob Barring Serie Gegenstände / Dienstleistungen: Shark 3D, eine Middleware für Computerspiele, Videospiele… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shark — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Shark peut faire référence à : Shark, un fabricant de casques de moto Shark, une série télévisée américaine SHARK peut faire référence… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • shark — [ʆɑːk ǁ ʆɑːrk] noun [countable] informal FINANCE someone who cheats other people out of money, especially by giving bad financial advice: • Never do business with these sharks. ˈloan shark FINANCE someone who lends money at very high rates of… …   Financial and business terms

  • shark — [ʃa:k US ʃa:rk] n [Sense: 1; Date: 1400 1500; Origin: Origin unknown.] [Sense: 2; Date: 1500 1600; Origin: Probably from German schurke bad man ; influenced by SHARK1] 1.) plural shark or …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shark — shark; shark·ish; shark·let; shark·like; …   English syllables

  • shark — Ⅰ. shark [1] ► NOUN ▪ a long bodied cartilaginous marine fish, typically predatory and voracious, with a prominent dorsal fin. ORIGIN of unknown origin. Ⅱ. shark [2] ► NOUN informal ▪ a person who exploits or swindles others …   English terms dictionary

  • Shark — Shark, v. t. [Of uncertain origin; perhaps fr. shark, n., or perhaps related to E. shear (as hearken to hear), and originally meaning, to clip off. Cf. {Shirk}.] To pick or gather indiscriminately or covertly. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shark — [ ʃark ] noun count * 1. ) a very large fish with sharp teeth that lives in the ocean. Some types of shark attack people. 2. ) INFORMAL someone who gets money by cheating people => LOAN SHARK …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • shark — (n.) 1560s, of uncertain origin; apparently the word and the first specimen were brought to London by Capt. John Hawkins s second expedition (landed 1565; see Hakluyt). There is no proper name for it that I knowe, but that sertayne men of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • shark — shark1 [shärk] n. [prob. < Ger schurke, scoundrel, rogue, sharper < MHG schurgen, to push, mislead < IE * skēu < base * sek , to cut > SAW1] 1. a person who victimizes others, as by swindling or cheating ☆ 2. Slang a person with… …   English World dictionary

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