- Settlement Set"tle*ment, n.
1. The act of setting, or the state of being settled.
(a) Establishment in life, in business, condition, etc.;
ordination or installation as pastor.
Every man living has a design in his head upon wealth power, or settlement in the world. --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster] (b) The act of peopling, or state of being peopled; act of planting, as a colony; colonization; occupation by settlers; as, the settlement of a new country. [1913 Webster] (c) The act or process of adjusting or determining; composure of doubts or differences; pacification; liquidation of accounts; arrangement; adjustment; as, settlement of a controversy, of accounts, etc. [1913 Webster] (d) Bestowal, or giving possession, under legal sanction; the act of giving or conferring anything in a formal and permanent manner. [1913 Webster]
My flocks, my fields, my woods, my pastures take, With settlement as good as law can make. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] (e) (Law) A disposition of property for the benefit of some person or persons, usually through the medium of trustees, and for the benefit of a wife, children, or other relatives; jointure granted to a wife, or the act of granting it. [1913 Webster]
Fuller's earth left a thick settlement. --Mortimer. [1913 Webster] (b) A colony newly established; a place or region newly settled; as, settlement in the West. [1913 Webster] (c) That which is bestowed formally and permanently; the sum secured to a person; especially, a jointure made to a woman at her marriage; also, in the United States, a sum of money or other property formerly granted to a pastor in additional to his salary. [1913 Webster]
3. (Arch.) (a) The gradual sinking of a building, whether by the yielding of the ground under the foundation, or by the compression of the joints or the material. (b) pl. Fractures or dislocations caused by settlement. [1913 Webster]
4. (Law) A settled place of abode; residence; a right growing out of residence; legal residence or establishment of a person in a particular parish or town, which entitles him to maintenance if a pauper, and subjects the parish or town to his support. --Blackstone. Bouvier. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.