Servitude
Servitude Serv"i*tude, n. [L. servitudo: cf. F. servitude.] 1. The state of voluntary or compulsory subjection to a master; the condition of being bound to service; the condition of a slave; slavery; bondage; hence, a state of slavish dependence. [1913 Webster]

You would have sold your king to slaughter, His princes and his peers to servitude. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

A splendid servitude; . . . for he that rises up early, and goes to bed late, only to receive addresses, is really as much abridged in his freedom as he that waits to present one. --South. [1913 Webster]

2. Servants, collectively. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

After him a cumbrous train Of herds and flocks, and numerous servitude. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. (Law) A right whereby one thing is subject to another thing or person for use or convenience, contrary to the common right. [1913 Webster]

Note: The object of a servitude is either to suffer something to be done by another, or to omit to do something, with respect to a thing. The easements of the English correspond in some respects with the servitudes of the Roman law. Both terms are used by common law writers, and often indiscriminately. The former, however, rather indicates the right enjoyed, and the latter the burden imposed. --Ayliffe. Erskine. E. Washburn. [1913 Webster]

{Penal servitude}. See under {Penal}.

{Personal servitude} (Law), that which arises when the use of a thing is granted as a real right to a particular individual other than the proprietor.

{Predial servitude} (Law), that which one estate owes to another estate. When it related to lands, vineyards, gardens, or the like, it is called rural; when it related to houses and buildings, it is called urban. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • servitude — [ sɛrvityd ] n. f. • fin XIIe; bas lat. servitudo 1 ♦ Vx Esclavage; servage. ♢ (XVe) Mod. État de dépendance totale d une personne ou d une nation soumise à une autre. ⇒ asservissement, soumission, sujétion. La servitude dans laquelle les femmes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • servitude — ser·vi·tude / sər və ˌtüd, ˌtyüd/ n 1: a condition in which an individual lacks liberty esp. to determine his or her course of action or way of life; specif: the state of being a slave involuntary servitude see also amendment xiii and amendment… …   Law dictionary

  • servitude — Servitude. s. f. Servage, esclavage, estat de celuy qui est serf. Mettre en servitude. le joug de la servitude. delivrer, tirer de servitude. sortir de servitude. Il signifie aussi, L engagement de celuy ou de celle qui sert en qualité de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Servitude — may refer to:* Service * Conscription * Employment * Slavery * Indentured servitude * Involuntary servitude * Penal servitude * Servitude (BDSM) * Equitable servitude, a term of real estate law * Servitude in civil law …   Wikipedia

  • servitude — servitude, slavery, bondage agree in meaning the state of subjection to a master. Servitude may refer to the state of a person, or of a class of persons, or of a race that is bound to obey the will of a master, a lord, or a sovereign, and lacks… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • servitude — ou subjection de ceux qui sont serfs à quelque seigneur, Seruitus, vel Seruitudo. Champs ou maisons qui doibvent servitude, et sont chargez comme de recevoir les esgous, ou autres choses semblables, Serua domus, Serua praedia. Delivrer de… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • servitude — late 15c., condition of being enslaved, from M.Fr. servitude, from L.L. servitudo slavery, from L. servus a slave (see SERVE (Cf. serve)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • servitude — [sʉr′və to͞od΄, sʉr′vətyo͞od΄] n. [ME < MFr < L servitudo < servus, slave: see SERF] 1. the condition of a slave, serf, or the like; subjection to a master; slavery or bondage 2. work imposed as punishment for crime 3. Law the burden… …   English World dictionary

  • servitude — s. f. Servidão …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • servitude — [n] slavery bondage, bonds, chains, confinement, enslavement, obedience, peonage, serfdom, serfhood, subjection, subjugation, thrall, thralldom, vassalage, yoke; concepts 388,410 Ant. mastery …   New thesaurus

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