serjeant
Sergeant Ser"geant, n. [F. sergent, fr. L. serviens, -entis, p. pr. of servire to serve. See {Serve}, and cf. {Servant}.] [Written also {serjeant}. Both spellings are authorized. In England {serjeant} is usually preferred, except for military officers. In the United States {sergeant} is common for civil officers also.] 1. Formerly, in England, an officer nearly answering to the more modern bailiff of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. He is now called sergeant-at-arms, and two of these officers, by allowance of the sovereign, attend on the houses of Parliament (one for each house) to execute their commands, and another attends the Court Chancery. [1913 Webster]

The sergeant of the town of Rome them sought. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

The magistrates sent the serjeant, saying, Let those men go. --Acts xvi. 35. [1913 Webster]

This fell sergeant, Death, Is strict in his arrest. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. (Mil.) In a company, battery, or troop, a noncommissioned officer next in rank above a corporal, whose duty is to instruct recruits in discipline, to form the ranks, etc. [1913 Webster]

Note: In the United States service, besides the sergeants belonging to the companies there are, in each regiment, a sergeant major, who is the chief noncommissioned officer, and has important duties as the assistant to the adjutant; a quartermaster sergeant, who assists the quartermaster; a color sergeant, who carries the colors; and a commissary sergeant, who assists in the care and distribution of the stores. Ordnance sergeants have charge of the ammunition at military posts. [1913 Webster]

3. (Law) A lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law; -- called also {serjeant at law}. [Eng.] --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

4. A title sometimes given to the servants of the sovereign; as, sergeant surgeon, that is, a servant, or attendant, surgeon. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

5. (Zo["o]l.) The cobia. [1913 Webster]

{Drill sergeant}. (Mil.) See under {Drill}.

{Sergeant-at-arms}, an officer of a legislative body, or of a deliberative or judicial assembly, who executes commands in preserving order and arresting offenders. See {Sergeant}, 1.

{Sergeant major}. (a) (Mil.) See the Note under def. 2, above. (b) (Zo["o]l.) The cow pilot. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Serjeant — Ser jeant, Serjeantcy Ser jeant*cy, etc. See {Sergeant}, {Sergeantcy}, etc. [1913 Webster] {Serjeant at arms}. See {Sergeant at arms}, under {Sergeant}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Serjeant — may be:*The holder of a serjeanty, a type of feudal land holding in England *A generally obsolete spelling of Sergeant, although still used in some English regiments, and for Serjeants at Arms *Serjeant at law, an obsolete class of barrister in… …   Wikipedia

  • serjeant — [sär′jənt] n. alt. Brit. sp. of SERGEANT …   English World dictionary

  • serjeant — Sergeant Ser geant, n. [F. sergent, fr. L. serviens, entis, p. pr. of servire to serve. See {Serve}, and cf. {Servant}.] [Written also {serjeant}. Both spellings are authorized. In England {serjeant} is usually preferred, except for military… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • serjeant — British for sergeant. The title of the highest rank attainable in England in the profession of the common law. See ancient serjeant; common serjeant; King s premier serjeant; premier serjeant …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • serjeant — sergeant, serjeant The normal spelling in the context of the police and the army is sergeant; serjeant is usually restricted to the titles of certain ceremonial offices, such as the serjeant at arms with reference to the British parliamentary or… …   Modern English usage

  • serjeant — n. 1 (in full serjeant at law, pl. serjeants at law) hist. a barrister of the highest rank. 2 Brit. (in official lists) a sergeant in the Army. Phrases and idioms: Common Serjeant Brit. a circuit judge of the Central Criminal Court with duties in …   Useful english dictionary

  • serjeant — Usage: British variant of sergeant …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • serjeant — /sahr jeuhnt/, n. Chiefly Brit. sergeant. * * * …   Universalium

  • Serjeant — This interesting surname is of early medieval English and Old French origin, and is an occupational name for a servant. The name derives from the Middle English, Old French sergent , servant, from the Latin serviens , present participle of… …   Surnames reference

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