Sergeant major

Sergeant major
Sergeant Ser"geant, n. [F. sergent, fr. L. serviens, -entis, p. pr. of servire to serve. See {Serve}, and cf. {Servant}.] [Written also {serjeant}. Both spellings are authorized. In England {serjeant} is usually preferred, except for military officers. In the United States {sergeant} is common for civil officers also.] 1. Formerly, in England, an officer nearly answering to the more modern bailiff of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. He is now called sergeant-at-arms, and two of these officers, by allowance of the sovereign, attend on the houses of Parliament (one for each house) to execute their commands, and another attends the Court Chancery. [1913 Webster]

The sergeant of the town of Rome them sought. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

The magistrates sent the serjeant, saying, Let those men go. --Acts xvi. 35. [1913 Webster]

This fell sergeant, Death, Is strict in his arrest. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. (Mil.) In a company, battery, or troop, a noncommissioned officer next in rank above a corporal, whose duty is to instruct recruits in discipline, to form the ranks, etc. [1913 Webster]

Note: In the United States service, besides the sergeants belonging to the companies there are, in each regiment, a sergeant major, who is the chief noncommissioned officer, and has important duties as the assistant to the adjutant; a quartermaster sergeant, who assists the quartermaster; a color sergeant, who carries the colors; and a commissary sergeant, who assists in the care and distribution of the stores. Ordnance sergeants have charge of the ammunition at military posts. [1913 Webster]

3. (Law) A lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law; -- called also {serjeant at law}. [Eng.] --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

4. A title sometimes given to the servants of the sovereign; as, sergeant surgeon, that is, a servant, or attendant, surgeon. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

5. (Zo["o]l.) The cobia. [1913 Webster]

{Drill sergeant}. (Mil.) See under {Drill}.

{Sergeant-at-arms}, an officer of a legislative body, or of a deliberative or judicial assembly, who executes commands in preserving order and arresting offenders. See {Sergeant}, 1.

{Sergeant major}. (a) (Mil.) See the Note under def. 2, above. (b) (Zo["o]l.) The cow pilot. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sergeant Major — ist ein Senior Non commissioned Officer (SNCO, etwa „Stabsunteroffizier“, s. Feldwebeldienstgrade) oder Warrant Officer, abhängig von den betrachteten Streitkräften. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 1.1 Entstehung 1.2 Entwicklung in den USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sergeant-major — sergeant māˈjor noun 1. Formerly, an officer of rank varying from major to major general 2. Now, the highest non commissioned officer (company sergeant major the senior warrant officer in a company; regimental sergeant major the senior warrant… …   Useful english dictionary

  • sergeant major — sergeant majors also sergeant major N COUNT; N TITLE; N VOC A sergeant major is a non commissioned army or marine officer of the highest rank …   English dictionary

  • sergeant major — n. pl. sergeants major 1. the chief administrative noncommissioned officer in a military headquarters: an occupational title and not a rank ☆ 2. U.S. Army U.S. Marine Corps the highest ranking noncommissioned officer 3. a small damselfish… …   English World dictionary

  • sergeant major — n a military rank …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sergeant major — noun count a person of middle rank in the army, the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. MARINES …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • sergeant major — ► NOUN ▪ a warrant officer in the British army whose job is to assist the adjutant of a regiment or battalion or a subunit commander …   English terms dictionary

  • Sergeant major — For other uses, see Sergeant major (disambiguation). Common anglophone military ranks Navies Armies Air forces Officers Admiral of the fleet Marshal / …   Wikipedia

  • Sergeant Major — A Sergeant Major is a rank or appointment in many militaries around the world. In Commonwealth countries, Sergeants Major are usually appointments held by senior non commissioned officers or warrant officers. In the United States, there are… …   Wikipedia

  • sergeant major — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms sergeant major : singular sergeant major plural sergeant majors or sergeants major a person of middle rank in the army, the US Air Force, and the US Marines …   English dictionary

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