Sense organ

Sense organ
Sense Sense, n. [L. sensus, from sentire, sensum, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as E. send; cf. OHG. sin sense, mind, sinnan to go, to journey, G. sinnen to meditate, to think: cf. F. sens. For the change of meaning cf. {See}, v. t. See {Send}, and cf. {Assent}, {Consent}, {Scent}, v. t., {Sentence}, {Sentient}.] 1. (Physiol.) A faculty, possessed by animals, of perceiving external objects by means of impressions made upon certain organs (sensory or sense organs) of the body, or of perceiving changes in the condition of the body; as, the senses of sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch. See {Muscular sense}, under {Muscular}, and {Temperature sense}, under {Temperature}. [1913 Webster]

Let fancy still my sense in Lethe steep. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

What surmounts the reach Of human sense I shall delineate. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

The traitor Sense recalls The soaring soul from rest. --Keble. [1913 Webster]

2. Perception by the sensory organs of the body; sensation; sensibility; feeling. [1913 Webster]

In a living creature, though never so great, the sense and the affects of any one part of the body instantly make a transcursion through the whole. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

3. Perception through the intellect; apprehension; recognition; understanding; discernment; appreciation. [1913 Webster]

This Basilius, having the quick sense of a lover. --Sir P. Sidney. [1913 Webster]

High disdain from sense of injured merit. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

4. Sound perception and reasoning; correct judgment; good mental capacity; understanding; also, that which is sound, true, or reasonable; rational meaning. ``He speaks sense.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

He raves; his words are loose As heaps of sand, and scattering wide from sense. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

5. That which is felt or is held as a sentiment, view, or opinion; judgment; notion; opinion. [1913 Webster]

I speak my private but impartial sense With freedom. --Roscommon. [1913 Webster]

The municipal council of the city had ceased to speak the sense of the citizens. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

6. Meaning; import; signification; as, the true sense of words or phrases; the sense of a remark. [1913 Webster]

So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense. --Neh. viii. 8. [1913 Webster]

I think 't was in another sense. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

7. Moral perception or appreciation. [1913 Webster]

Some are so hardened in wickedness as to have no sense of the most friendly offices. --L' Estrange. [1913 Webster]

8. (Geom.) One of two opposite directions in which a line, surface, or volume, may be supposed to be described by the motion of a point, line, or surface. [1913 Webster]

{Common sense}, according to Sir W. Hamilton: (a) ``The complement of those cognitions or convictions which we receive from nature, which all men possess in common, and by which they test the truth of knowledge and the morality of actions.'' (b) ``The faculty of first principles.'' These two are the philosophical significations. (c) ``Such ordinary complement of intelligence, that,if a person be deficient therein, he is accounted mad or foolish.'' (d) When the substantive is emphasized: ``Native practical intelligence, natural prudence, mother wit, tact in behavior, acuteness in the observation of character, in contrast to habits of acquired learning or of speculation.''

{Moral sense}. See under {Moral}, (a) .

{The inner sense}, or {The internal sense}, capacity of the mind to be aware of its own states; consciousness; reflection. ``This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself, and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense.'' --Locke.

{Sense capsule} (Anat.), one of the cartilaginous or bony cavities which inclose, more or less completely, the organs of smell, sight, and hearing.

{Sense organ} (Physiol.), a specially irritable mechanism by which some one natural force or form of energy is enabled to excite sensory nerves; as the eye, ear, an end bulb or tactile corpuscle, etc.

{Sense organule} (Anat.), one of the modified epithelial cells in or near which the fibers of the sensory nerves terminate. [1913 Webster]

Syn: Understanding; reason.

Usage: {Sense}, {Understanding}, {Reason}. Some philosophers have given a technical signification to these terms, which may here be stated. Sense is the mind's acting in the direct cognition either of material objects or of its own mental states. In the first case it is called the outer, in the second the inner, sense. Understanding is the logical faculty, i. e., the power of apprehending under general conceptions, or the power of classifying, arranging, and making deductions. Reason is the power of apprehending those first or fundamental truths or principles which are the conditions of all real and scientific knowledge, and which control the mind in all its processes of investigation and deduction. These distinctions are given, not as established, but simply because they often occur in writers of the present day. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sense organ — ► NOUN ▪ an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by conveying impulses to the sensory nervous system …   English terms dictionary

  • sense organ — n. any organ or structure, as an eye or a taste bud, containing afferent nerve terminals that are specialized to receive specific stimuli and transmit them to the brain; receptor …   English World dictionary

  • sense organ — n a bodily structure that receives a stimulus (as heat or sound waves) and is affected in such a manner as to initiate a wave of excitation in associated sensory nerve fibers which convey specific impulses to the central nervous system where they …   Medical dictionary

  • sense organ — sense .organ n a part of your body through which you see, smell, hear, taste, or feel something …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sense organ — sense ,organ noun count a part of your body that you use to see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • sense organ — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms sense organ : singular sense organ plural sense organs a part of your body that you use to see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something …   English dictionary

  • sense organ — sense organs N COUNT: usu pl Your sense organs are the parts of your body, for example your eyes and your ears, which enable you to be aware of things around you. [FORMAL] …   English dictionary

  • sense organ — sense′ or gan n. anat. a specialized bodily structure that receives or is sensitive to internal or external stimuli; receptor • Etymology: 1850–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • sense organ — noun an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑sensory receptor, ↑receptor • Ant: ↑effector (for: ↑receptor) …   Useful english dictionary

  • sense organ — A simple or multicellular receptor organ, comprised of at least one sensory cell and accessory structures …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

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