Beam
Beam Beam (b[=e]m), n. [AS. be['a]m beam, post, tree, ray of light; akin to OFries. b[=a]m tree, OS. b[=o]m, D. boom, OHG. boum, poum, G. baum, Icel. ba[eth]mr, Goth. bagms and Gr. fy^ma a growth, fy^nai to become, to be. Cf. L. radius staff, rod, spoke of a wheel, beam or ray, and G. strahl arrow, spoke of a wheel, ray or beam, flash of lightning. [root]97. See {Be}; cf. {Boom} a spar.] 1. Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use. [1913 Webster]

2. One of the principal horizontal timbers of a building or ship. [1913 Webster]

The beams of a vessel are strong pieces of timber stretching across from side to side to support the decks. --Totten. [1913 Webster]

3. The width of a vessel; as, one vessel is said to have more beam than another. [1913 Webster]

4. The bar of a balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended. [1913 Webster]

The doubtful beam long nods from side to side. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

5. The principal stem or horn of a stag or other deer, which bears the antlers, or branches. [1913 Webster]

6. The pole of a carriage. [Poetic] --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

7. A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving; also, the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven; one being called the fore beam, the other the back beam. [1913 Webster]

8. The straight part or shank of an anchor. [1913 Webster]

9. The main part of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it. [1913 Webster]

10. (Steam Engine) A heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft; -- called also {working beam} or {walking beam}. [1913 Webster]

11. A ray or collection of parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body; as, a beam of light, or of heat. [1913 Webster]

How far that little candle throws his beams! --Shak. [1913 Webster]

12. (Fig.): A ray; a gleam; as, a beam of comfort. [1913 Webster]

Mercy with her genial beam. --Keble. [1913 Webster]

13. One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk; -- called also {beam feather}. [1913 Webster]

{Abaft the beam} (Naut.), in an arc of the horizon between a line that crosses the ship at right angles, or in the direction of her beams, and that point of the compass toward which her stern is directed.

{Beam center} (Mach.), the fulcrum or pin on which the working beam of an engine vibrates.

{Beam compass}, an instrument consisting of a rod or beam, having sliding sockets that carry steel or pencil points; -- used for drawing or describing large circles.

{Beam engine}, a steam engine having a working beam to transmit power, in distinction from one which has its piston rod attached directly to the crank of the wheel shaft.

{Before the beam} (Naut.), in an arc of the horizon included between a line that crosses the ship at right angles and that point of the compass toward which the ship steers.

{On the beam}, in a line with the beams, or at right angles with the keel.

{On the weather beam}, on the side of a ship which faces the wind.

{To be on her beam ends}, to incline, as a vessel, so much on one side that her beams approach a vertical position. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • Beam — may refer to: *Beam (structure), a construction element *Beam (nautical), the most extreme width (or breadth) of a nautical vessel, or a point alongside the ship at the mid point of its length *A narrow, propagating stream of particles or energy …   Wikipedia

  • BEAM — (englisch „Strahl“) steht für: Beam (Robotik), Sammelbegriff für eine bestimmte Sorte von Robotern Beam (Band), ein Musikduo Breite über alles (Schiffsbreite) Beam ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Jacob Beam (1760–1839, eigentlich Johannes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • beam — beam·age; beam; beam·er; beam·fill·ing; beam·i·ly; beam·ing·ly; beam·ish; beam·less; beam·ster; semi·beam; white·beam; mi·cro·beam; …   English syllables

  • Beam — (englisch „Strahl“) steht für: Beam (Robotik), Sammelbegriff für eine bestimmte Sorte von Robotern Beam (Band), ein Musikduo Breite über alles (Schiffsbreite) Beam ist der Nachname folgender Personen: H. Beam Piper (1904–1964), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • beam — ► NOUN 1) a long piece of timber or metal used as a support in building. 2) a narrow horizontal length of timber for balancing on in gymnastics. 3) a ray or shaft of light or particles. 4) a radiant smile. 5) a ship s breadth at its widest point …   English terms dictionary

  • beam — [bēm] n. [ME < OE, a tree, piece of wood, column; akin to Ger baum, Du boom, tree] 1. Obs. the squared off trunk of a tree 2. a) a long, thick piece of wood, metal, or stone, used in building b) such a piece used as a horizontal support for a… …   English World dictionary

  • Beam — est un domaine de la robotique qui cherche à construire des robots avec le minimum de composants électroniques. La condition sinéquanone pour qu un robot soir considérré comme BEAM , inventée par le roboticien Mark Tilden, est de réduire au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beam — 〈[bi:m] m. 6〉 Zielstrahl eines Satelliten [engl.] * * * Beam   [biːm; englisch »Richtstrahl«] der, s/ s, die Strahlungskeule eines Satellitensenders (Transponder); im Querschnitt kreisförmig, elliptisch oder in anderen gezogenen Rundformen,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • beam — [n1] length of material used as support axle, bail, balk, bolster, boom, brace, cantilever, column, crossbar, crosspiece, girder, jamb, joist, lath, lintel, pile, piling, pillar, plank, pole, post, prop, rafter, reach, scaffolding, scantling,… …   New thesaurus

  • BEAM — BEAM[1] (acronyme qui signifie « Biology, Electronics, Aesthetics, and Mechanics ») est un concept robotique, créé par le roboticien Mark Tilden (en), qui cherche à construire des robots avec le minimum de composants électroniques …   Wikipédia en Français

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