Nitrile Ni"trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro-}.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({-CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia. [1913 Webster]

Note: The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is {formic nitrile}, methyl cyanide is {acetonitrile} (also {acetic nitrile}), and ethyl cyanide is {propionitrile} (from propionic acid). [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acetonitrile — Acetonitrile …   Wikipedia

  • Acétonitrile — Général Synonymes Cyanure de méthyle C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Acetonitrile — Acétonitrile Acétonitrile Général Synonymes Cyanure de méthyle Cyanométhane Ethanenitrile …   Wikipédia en Français

  • acétonitrile — ● acétonitrile nom masculin Composé CH3―C≡N. (C est un bon solvant, souvent employé pour la synthèse de l acétamide et de ses dérivés.) ● acétonitrile (synonymes) nom masculin Composé CH 3 ―C≡N. Synonymes : nitrile acétique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • acetonitrile — acetonitrilas statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃CN atitikmenys: angl. acetonitrile; methyl cyanide rus. ацетонитрил; цианистый метил ryšiai: sinonimas – etannitrilas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • acetonitrile — noun Date: circa 1869 the colorless liquid nitrile CH3CN of acetic acid used chiefly in organic synthesis and as a solvent …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • acetonitrile — /as i toh nuy tril, treel, euh see toh /, n. Chem. a colorless, poisonous, water soluble liquid, C2H3N, having an etherlike odor: used chiefly in organic synthesis and as a solvent. Also called methyl cyanide. [1865 70; ACETO + NITRILE] * * * …   Universalium

  • acetonitrile — noun The simplest organic cyanide or nitrile, CHCN. Syn: methyl cyanide …   Wiktionary

  • acetonitrile — Methyl cyanide; a colorless fluid of aromatic odor, soluble in water and alcohol. * * * ace·to·ni·trile .as ə tō nī trəl, ə sēt ō , .trēl n the colorless liquid nitrile CH3CN of acetic acid usu. made by dehydration of acetamide and used chiefly… …   Medical dictionary

  • acetonitrile — [əˌsi:tə(ʊ) nʌɪtrʌɪl, ˌasɪtəʊ ] noun Chemistry a toxic odoriferous liquid, used as a solvent in high performance liquid chromatography …   English new terms dictionary

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