Beach pea
Pea Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum}, of many varieties, much cultivated for food. It has a papilionaceous flower, and the pericarp is a legume, popularly called a pod. [1913 Webster]

Note: When a definite number, more than one, is spoken of, the plural form peas is used; as, the pod contained nine peas; but, in a collective sense, the form pease is preferred; as, a bushel of pease; they had pease at dinner. This distinction is not always preserved, the form peas being used in both senses. [1913 Webster]

2. A name given, especially in the Southern States, to the seed of several leguminous plants (species of {Dolichos}, {Cicer}, {Abrus}, etc.) esp. those having a scar (hilum) of a different color from the rest of the seed. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name pea is given to many leguminous plants more or less closely related to the common pea. See the Phrases, below. [1913 Webster]

{Beach pea} (Bot.), a seashore plant, {Lathyrus maritimus}.

{Black-eyed pea}, a West Indian name for {Dolichos sph[ae]rospermus} and its seed.

{Butterfly pea}, the American plant {Clitoria Mariana}, having showy blossoms.

{Chick pea}. See {Chick-pea}.

{Egyptian pea}. Same as {Chick-pea}.

{Everlasting pea}. See under {Everlasting}.

{Glory pea}. See under {Glory}, n.

{Hoary pea}, any plant of the genus {Tephrosia}; goat's rue.

{Issue pea}, {Orris pea}. (Med.) See under {Issue}, and {Orris}.

{Milk pea}. (Bot.) See under {Milk}.

{Pea berry}, a kind of a coffee bean or grain which grows single, and is round or pea-shaped; often used adjectively; as, pea-berry coffee.

{Pea bug}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Pea weevil}.

{Pea coal}, a size of coal smaller than nut coal.

{Pea crab} (Zo["o]l.), any small crab of the genus {Pinnotheres}, living as a commensal in bivalves; esp., the European species ({Pinnotheres pisum}) which lives in the common mussel and the cockle.

{Pea dove} (Zo["o]l.), the American ground dove.

{Pea-flower tribe} (Bot.), a suborder ({Papilionace[ae]}) of leguminous plants having blossoms essentially like that of the pea. --G. Bentham.

{Pea maggot} (Zo["o]l.), the larva of a European moth ({Tortrix pisi}), which is very destructive to peas.

{Pea ore} (Min.), argillaceous oxide of iron, occurring in round grains of a size of a pea; pisolitic ore.

{Pea starch}, the starch or flour of the common pea, which is sometimes used in adulterating wheat flour, pepper, etc.

{Pea tree} (Bot.), the name of several leguminous shrubs of the genus {Caragana}, natives of Siberia and China.

{Pea vine}. (Bot.) (a) Any plant which bears peas. (b) A kind of vetch or tare, common in the United States ({Lathyrus Americana}, and other similar species).

{Pea weevil} (Zo["o]l.), a small weevil ({Bruchus pisi}) which destroys peas by eating out the interior.

{Pigeon pea}. (Bot.) See {Pigeon pea}.

{Sweet pea} (Bot.), the annual plant {Lathyrus odoratus}; also, its many-colored, sweet-scented blossoms. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • beach pea — beach′ pea n. pln either of two seashore plants of the legume family, Lathyrus japonicus of N temperate regions or L. littoralis of the W coast of North America, both having oblong leaves and clusters of pealike flowers • Etymology: 1795–1805,… …   From formal English to slang

  • beach pea — pajūrinis pelėžirnis statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Lathyrus maritimus angl. beach pea; maritime peavine; sea pea vok. Strand Erbse; Strand Platterbse rus. чина приморская lenk. groszek nadmorski …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • beach pea — noun wild pea of seashores of north temperate zone having tough roots and purple flowers and useful as a sand binder • Syn: ↑sea pea, ↑Lathyrus maritimus, ↑Lathyrus japonicus • Hypernyms: ↑wild pea • Member Holonyms: ↑Lathyrus, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • beach pea — noun Date: 1802 a wild pea (Lathyrus japonicus syn. L. maritimus) having tough roots and purple flowers that is found along sandy shores …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • beach pea — either of two plants of the legume family, Lathyrus japonicus, of seashores of the North Temperate Zone, or L. littoralis, of the temperate western coast of North America, both having oblong leaves and clusters of pealike flowers. [1795 1805,… …   Universalium

  • Pea — Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum}, of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pea berry — Pea Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pea bug — Pea Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pea coal — Pea Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pea crab — Pea Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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