Scrub oak

Scrub oak
Oak Oak ([=o]k), n. [OE. oke, ok, ak, AS. [=a]c; akin to D. eik, G. eiche, OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus {Quercus}. The oaks have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and staminate flowers in catkins. The fruit is a smooth nut, called an {acorn}, which is more or less inclosed in a scaly involucre called the cup or cupule. There are now recognized about three hundred species, of which nearly fifty occur in the United States, the rest in Europe, Asia, and the other parts of North America, a very few barely reaching the northern parts of South America and Africa. Many of the oaks form forest trees of grand proportions and live many centuries. The wood is usually hard and tough, and provided with conspicuous medullary rays, forming the silver grain. [1913 Webster]

2. The strong wood or timber of the oak. [1913 Webster]

Note: Among the true oaks in America are:

{Barren oak}, or

{Black-jack}, {Quercus nigra}.

{Basket oak}, {Quercus Michauxii}.

{Black oak}, {Quercus tinctoria}; -- called also {yellow oak} or {quercitron oak}.

{Bur oak} (see under {Bur}.), {Quercus macrocarpa}; -- called also {over-cup} or {mossy-cup oak}.

{Chestnut oak}, {Quercus Prinus} and {Quercus densiflora}.

{Chinquapin oak} (see under {Chinquapin}), {Quercus prinoides}.

{Coast live oak}, {Quercus agrifolia}, of California; -- also called {enceno}.

{Live oak} (see under {Live}), {Quercus virens}, the best of all for shipbuilding; also, {Quercus Chrysolepis}, of California.

{Pin oak}. Same as {Swamp oak}.

{Post oak}, {Quercus obtusifolia}.

{Red oak}, {Quercus rubra}.

{Scarlet oak}, {Quercus coccinea}.

{Scrub oak}, {Quercus ilicifolia}, {Quercus undulata}, etc.

{Shingle oak}, {Quercus imbricaria}.

{Spanish oak}, {Quercus falcata}.

{Swamp Spanish oak}, or

{Pin oak}, {Quercus palustris}.

{Swamp white oak}, {Quercus bicolor}.

{Water oak}, {Quercus aquatica}.

{Water white oak}, {Quercus lyrata}.

{Willow oak}, {Quercus Phellos}. [1913 Webster] Among the true oaks in Europe are:

{Bitter oak}, or

{Turkey oak}, {Quercus Cerris} (see {Cerris}).

{Cork oak}, {Quercus Suber}.

{English white oak}, {Quercus Robur}.

{Evergreen oak},

{Holly oak}, or

{Holm oak}, {Quercus Ilex}.

{Kermes oak}, {Quercus coccifera}.

{Nutgall oak}, {Quercus infectoria}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Among plants called oak, but not of the genus {Quercus}, are:

{African oak}, a valuable timber tree ({Oldfieldia Africana}).

{Australian oak} or {She oak}, any tree of the genus {Casuarina} (see {Casuarina}).

{Indian oak}, the teak tree (see {Teak}).

{Jerusalem oak}. See under {Jerusalem}.

{New Zealand oak}, a sapindaceous tree ({Alectryon excelsum}).

{Poison oak}, a shrub once not distinguished from poison ivy, but now restricted to {Rhus toxicodendron} or {Rhus diversiloba}.

{Silky oak} or {Silk-bark oak}, an Australian tree ({Grevillea robusta}). [1913 Webster]

{Green oak}, oak wood colored green by the growth of the mycelium of certain fungi.

{Oak apple}, a large, smooth, round gall produced on the leaves of the American red oak by a gallfly ({Cynips confluens}). It is green and pulpy when young.

{Oak beauty} (Zo["o]l.), a British geometrid moth ({Biston prodromaria}) whose larva feeds on the oak.

{Oak gall}, a gall found on the oak. See 2d {Gall}.

{Oak leather} (Bot.), the mycelium of a fungus which forms leatherlike patches in the fissures of oak wood.

{Oak pruner}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Pruner}, the insect.

{Oak spangle}, a kind of gall produced on the oak by the insect {Diplolepis lenticularis}.

{Oak wart}, a wartlike gall on the twigs of an oak.

{The Oaks}, one of the three great annual English horse races (the Derby and St. Leger being the others). It was instituted in 1779 by the Earl of Derby, and so called from his estate.

{To sport one's oak}, to be ``not at home to visitors,'' signified by closing the outer (oaken) door of one's rooms. [Cant, Eng. Univ.] [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scrub Oak — is a general name for several species of small, shrubby oaks, including the following species: California Scrub Oak (Quercus berberidifolia) Leather Oak (Quercus durata) Coastal Scrub Oak (Quercus dumosa) Tucker Oak (Quercus john tuckeri) Island… …   Wikipedia

  • Scrub oak — Scrub Scrub (skr[u^]b), n. 1. One who labors hard and lives meanly; a mean fellow. A sorry scrub. Bunyan. [1913 Webster] We should go there in as proper a manner as possible; nor altogether like the scrubs about us. Goldsmith. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scrub oak — noun any of various chiefly American small shrubby oaks often a dominant form on thin dry soils sometimes forming dense thickets (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑oak, ↑oak tree • Hyponyms: ↑bear oak, ↑Quercus ilicifolia, ↑blackjack oak, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • scrub oak — any of several oaks, as Quercus ilicifolia and Q. prinoides, characterized by a scrubby manner of growth, usually found in dry, rocky soil. [1760 70, Amer.] * * * ▪ tree group       any of several small, shrubby trees of the genus Quercus, in the …   Universalium

  • scrub oak — noun N. Amer. a shrubby dwarf oak which forms thickets. [Quercus ilicifolia and related species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • scrub oak — noun Date: 1766 any of various chiefly American oaks (as Quercus ilicifolia of the northeastern United States) of small size and usually shrubby habit …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • seaside scrub oak — noun small evergreen shrub or tree of southeastern United States; often forms almost impenetrable thickets in sandy coastal areas • Syn: ↑myrtle oak, ↑Quercus myrtifolia • Hypernyms: ↑scrub oak …   Useful english dictionary

  • black scrub oak — noun : bear oak …   Useful english dictionary

  • california scrub oak — noun Usage: usually capitalized C : a low evergreen shrub (Quercus dumosa) of the California chaparral valuable for its resistance to and recovery from fire and intense drought …   Useful english dictionary

  • Scrub — (skr[u^]b), n. 1. One who labors hard and lives meanly; a mean fellow. A sorry scrub. Bunyan. [1913 Webster] We should go there in as proper a manner as possible; nor altogether like the scrubs about us. Goldsmith. [1913 Webster] 2. Something… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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