Scratch
Scratch Scratch, n. 1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. [1913 Webster]

The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work. --Moxon. [1913 Webster]

These nails with scratches deform my breast. --Prior. [1913 Webster]

God forbid a shallow scratch should drive The prince of Wales from such a field as this. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. (Pugilistic Matches) A line across the prize ring; up to which boxers are brought when they join fight; hence, test, trial, or proof of courage; as, to bring to the scratch; to come up to the scratch. [Cant] --Grose. [1913 Webster]

3. pl. (Far.) Minute, but tender and troublesome, excoriations, covered with scabs, upon the heels of horses which have been used where it is very wet or muddy. --Law (Farmer's Veter. Adviser). [1913 Webster]

4. A kind of wig covering only a portion of the head. [1913 Webster]

5. (Billiards) (a) A shot which scores by chance and not as intended by the player; a fluke. [Cant, U. S.] (b) a shot which results in a penalty, such as dropping the cue ball in a pocket without hitting another ball. [1913 Webster +PJC]

6. In various sports, the line from which the start is made, except in the case of contestants receiving a distance handicap. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Scratch cradle}. See {Cratch cradle}, under {Cratch}.

{Scratch grass} (Bot.), a climbing knotweed ({Polygonum sagittatum}) with a square stem beset with fine recurved prickles along the angles.

{Scratch wig}. Same as {Scratch}, 4, above. --Thackeray.

{start from scratch} to start (again) from the very beginning; also, to start without resources. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • scratch — [ skratʃ ] adj. inv. • 1854; mot angl. « rail, ligne de départ » ♦ Anglic. Autom. Temps, classement scratch : meilleur temps ou classement toutes catégories. ● scratch adjectif invariable (anglais scratch, marque) Au golf, se dit d un joueur qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratch — may refer to:MusicRecordings* Scratch (album), by Kaela Kimura * Scratch (soundtrack), the soundtrack to the film Scratch * Peter Gabriel (1978 album), a self titled album often referred to as Scratch * Scratch, a song by Morphine on the album… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratch — Scratch, скретч: Скретч  звуковой эффект, получаемый ручным продёргиванием звуковой дорожки грампластинки или магнитной ленты при воспроизведении; также, звуковой эффект при игре на гитаре, получаемый при скольжении по обмотке струн пальцев… …   Википедия

  • scratch — ► VERB 1) make a long mark or wound on (a surface) with something sharp or pointed. 2) rub (a part of one s body) with one s fingernails to relieve itching. 3) (of a bird or mammal) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • scratch — [skrach] vt. [LME scracchen, prob. altered < scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen < or akin to MDu cratsen, to scratch < IE base * gred > Alb gërüj, (I) scratch] 1. to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something… …   English World dictionary

  • Scratch — Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to rake, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — (engl.: Kratzer, Schramme) bezeichnet: Scratchen oder Scratching, das bewegen einer Schallplatte durch einen DJ Scratch (Bahnradsport), eine Disziplin im Bahnradsport Scratch (Programmiersprache), eine visuelle Programmiersprache Scratch building …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scratch — scratch; scratch·able; scratch·brush·er; scratch·er; scratch·i·ly; scratch·i·ness; scratch·ings; scratch·less; …   English syllables

  • Scratch — Scratch, a. Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Scratch race} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scratch — [skrætʃ] <Adv.> [engl., zu scratch = hinterste Startlinie bei Handicaprennen] (Golf): ohne Vorgabe: er spielt s. * * * Scratch   [englisch/amerikanisch, skrætʃ; wörtlich »zerkratzen, streichen«], 1) kurzer, sofort abgedämpfter… …   Universal-Lexikon

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