Sclerenchyma
Sclerenchyma Scle*ren"chy*ma, n. [NL., from Gr. sklhro`s hard + -enchyma as in parenchyma.] 1. (Bot.) Vegetable tissue composed of short cells with thickened or hardened walls, as in nutshells and the gritty parts of a pear. See {Sclerotic}. [1913 Webster]

Note: By recent German writers and their English translators, this term is used for {liber cells}. --Goodale. [1913 Webster]

2. (Zo["o]l.) The hard calcareous deposit in the tissues of Anthozoa, constituting the stony corals. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sclerenchyma — [skli reŋ′kə mə] n. [ModL < Gr sklēros (see SCLERA) + enchyma, infusion: see PARENCHYMA] Bot. plant tissue of uniformly thick walled, dead cells, as in a stem, the shell of a nut, etc. sclerenchymatous [sklir΄eŋ kim′ə təs] adj …   English World dictionary

  • sclerenchyma — sclerenchymatous /sklear eng kim euh teuhs, skler /, adj. /skli reng keuh meuh/, n. Bot. supporting or protective tissue composed of thickened, dry, and hardened cells. [1860 65; SCLER + (PAR)ENCHYMA] * * * ▪ plant tissue       any of various… …   Universalium

  • sclerenchyma — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1875 a protective or supporting tissue in higher plants composed of cells with walls thickened and often lignified • sclerenchymatous adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sclerenchyma — Plant cell type with thick lignified walls, normally dead at maturity and specialized for structural strength. Includes fibre cells, that are greatly elongated, and sclereids, that are more isodiametric. Intermediate types exist …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • sclerenchyma — noun A mechanical, supportive plant tissue consisting of aggregates of cells having thick, often mineralized walls …   Wiktionary

  • sclerenchyma — [sklɪə rɛŋkɪmə, sklə ] noun Botany strengthening tissue in a plant, formed from cells with thickened walls. Derivatives sclerenchymatous adjective Origin C19: mod. L., from Gk sklēros hard + enkhuma infusion …   English new terms dictionary

  • sclerenchyma —   Mechanical (supportive) tissue composed of empty, thick walled cells.   See also parenchyma …   Expanded glossary of Cycad terms

  • sclerenchyma — scle·ren·chy·ma …   English syllables

  • sclerenchyma — scle•ren•chy•ma [[t]sklɪˈrɛŋ kə mə[/t]] n. bot supporting or protective plant tissue composed of thickened and hardened cells • Etymology: 1860–65; scler + (par) enchyma scle•ren•chym•a•tous ˌsklɪər ɛŋˈkɪm ə təs, ˌsklɛr adj …   From formal English to slang

  • sclerenchyma — /sklɪəˈrɛŋkɪmə/ (say sklear rengkimuh) noun (of plants) supporting or protective tissue composed of thickened and hardened cells from which the protoplasm has usually disappeared. {scler(o) + Greek enchyma infusion} –sclerenchymatous… …   Australian English dictionary

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