acetic nitrile
Nitrile Ni"trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro-}.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({-CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia. [1913 Webster]

Note: The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is {formic nitrile}, methyl cyanide is {acetonitrile} (also {acetic nitrile}), and ethyl cyanide is {propionitrile} (from propionic acid). [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • acetic nitrile — noun : acetonitrile …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nitrile — Ni trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro }.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({ CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Acetic acid — Acetic redirects here. It is not to be confused with Ascetic. Acetic acid …   Wikipedia

  • formic nitrile — Nitrile Ni trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro }.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({ CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acetonitrile — Nitrile Ni trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro }.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({ CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • -CN — Nitrile Ni trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro }.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({ CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • propionitrile — Nitrile Ni trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro }.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({ CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carboxylic acid — Chem. any organic acid containing one or more carboxyl groups. [1900 05; CARBOXYL + IC] * * * Any organic compound with the general chemical formula ―COOH in which a carbon (C) atom is bonded to an oxygen (O) atom by a double bond to make a… …   Universalium

  • industrial polymers, major — Introduction       chemical compounds used in the manufacture of synthetic industrial materials.       In the commercial production of plastics, elastomers, man made fibres, adhesives, and surface coatings, a tremendous variety of polymers are… …   Universalium

  • Carboxylic acid — Structure of a carboxylic acid Carboxylate ion …   Wikipedia

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