Scale armor
Scale Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather fr. OF. escale, escaile, F. ['e]caille scale of a fish, and ['e]cale shell of beans, pease, eggs, nuts, of German origin, and akin to Goth. skalja, G. schale. See {Shale}.] 1. (Anat.) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny pieces which form the covering of many fishes and reptiles, and some mammals, belonging to the dermal part of the skeleton, or dermoskeleton. See {Cycloid}, {Ctenoid}, and {Ganoid}. [1913 Webster]

Fish that, with their fins and shining scales, Glide under the green wave. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material, resembling in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a scale of iron, of bone, etc. [1913 Webster]

3. (Zo["o]l.) One of the small scalelike structures covering parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of Lepidoptera and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of certain annelids. See {Lepidoptera}. [1913 Webster]

4. (Zo["o]l.) A scale insect. (See below.) [1913 Webster]

5. (Bot.) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf, resembling the scales of a fish in form, and often in arrangement; as, the scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and the like. The name is also given to the chaff on the stems of ferns. [1913 Webster]

6. The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a pocketknife. See Illust. of {Pocketknife}. [1913 Webster]

7. An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which water is heated, as a steam boiler. [1913 Webster]

8. (Metal.) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide, {Fe3O4}. Also, a similar coating upon other metals. [1913 Webster]

{Covering scale} (Zo["o]l.), a hydrophyllium.

{Ganoid scale}. (Zo["o]l.) See under {Ganoid}.

{Scale armor} (Mil.), armor made of small metallic scales overlapping, and fastened upon leather or cloth.

{Scale beetle} (Zo["o]l.), the tiger beetle.

{Scale carp} (Zo["o]l.), a carp having normal scales.

{Scale insect} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of small hemipterous insects belonging to the family {Coccid[ae]}, in which the females, when adult, become more or less scalelike in form. They are found upon the leaves and twigs of various trees and shrubs, and often do great damage to fruit trees. See {Orange scale},under {Orange}.

{Scale moss} (Bot.), any leafy-stemmed moss of the order {Hepatic[ae]}; -- so called from the small imbricated scalelike leaves of most of the species. See {Hepatica}, 2, and {Jungermannia}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scale Armor — armor made of small overlapping scales or plates. ♦ Small rectangular plates of horn, sometimes metal, attached to a leather or linen coat. Lighter and more flexible than mail. (Wise, Terence. Medieval Warfare, 251) …   Medieval glossary

  • scale armor — noun Etymology: scale (V) : armor made of small metallic scales overlapping and fastened upon leather or cloth …   Useful english dictionary

  • scale armor — noun Date: 1842 armor of small metallic scales on leather or cloth …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • scale armor — shell made from hard scales …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Scale — Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale beetle — Scale Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale carp — Scale Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale insect — Scale Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale moss — Scale Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — I. noun Etymology: Middle English scole, scale bowl, scale of a balance, from Old Norse skāl; akin to Old Norse skel shell more at shell Date: 14th century 1. a. either pan or tray of a balance b. a beam that is supported freely in the center and …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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