Scale
Scale Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather fr. OF. escale, escaile, F. ['e]caille scale of a fish, and ['e]cale shell of beans, pease, eggs, nuts, of German origin, and akin to Goth. skalja, G. schale. See {Shale}.] 1. (Anat.) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny pieces which form the covering of many fishes and reptiles, and some mammals, belonging to the dermal part of the skeleton, or dermoskeleton. See {Cycloid}, {Ctenoid}, and {Ganoid}. [1913 Webster]

Fish that, with their fins and shining scales, Glide under the green wave. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material, resembling in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a scale of iron, of bone, etc. [1913 Webster]

3. (Zo["o]l.) One of the small scalelike structures covering parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of Lepidoptera and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of certain annelids. See {Lepidoptera}. [1913 Webster]

4. (Zo["o]l.) A scale insect. (See below.) [1913 Webster]

5. (Bot.) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf, resembling the scales of a fish in form, and often in arrangement; as, the scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and the like. The name is also given to the chaff on the stems of ferns. [1913 Webster]

6. The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a pocketknife. See Illust. of {Pocketknife}. [1913 Webster]

7. An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which water is heated, as a steam boiler. [1913 Webster]

8. (Metal.) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide, {Fe3O4}. Also, a similar coating upon other metals. [1913 Webster]

{Covering scale} (Zo["o]l.), a hydrophyllium.

{Ganoid scale}. (Zo["o]l.) See under {Ganoid}.

{Scale armor} (Mil.), armor made of small metallic scales overlapping, and fastened upon leather or cloth.

{Scale beetle} (Zo["o]l.), the tiger beetle.

{Scale carp} (Zo["o]l.), a carp having normal scales.

{Scale insect} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of small hemipterous insects belonging to the family {Coccid[ae]}, in which the females, when adult, become more or less scalelike in form. They are found upon the leaves and twigs of various trees and shrubs, and often do great damage to fruit trees. See {Orange scale},under {Orange}.

{Scale moss} (Bot.), any leafy-stemmed moss of the order {Hepatic[ae]}; -- so called from the small imbricated scalelike leaves of most of the species. See {Hepatica}, 2, and {Jungermannia}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • scale — scale1 [skāl] n. [ME < LL scala (in Vulg., Jacob s ladder) < L, usually as pl., scalae, flight of stairs, ladder < * scandsla < scandere, to climb: see DESCEND] 1. Obs. a) a ladder or flight of stairs b) any means of ascent 2 …   English World dictionary

  • scale — Ⅰ. scale [1] ► NOUN 1) each of the small overlapping plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles. 2) a thick dry flake of skin. 3) a white deposit formed in a kettle, boiler, etc. by the evaporation of water containing lime. 4) tartar formed… …   English terms dictionary

  • Scale — Scale, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala staircase, ladder; akin to scandere to climb. See {Scan}; cf. {Escalade}.] 1. A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps influenced by the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin also to D. schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG. sc[=a]la, Dan. skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and perh. to E. scale of a fish. Cf. {Scale}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scaled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scaling}.] To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system. [1913 Webster] Scaling his present bearing with his past. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. 1. To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler. [1913 Webster] 2. To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface. If all the mountains were… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L. scalae, scala. See {Scale} a ladder.] To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort. [1913 Webster] Oft have I scaled the craggy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — [n1] graduated system calibration, computation, degrees, extent, gamut, gradation, hierarchy, ladder, order, pecking order*, progression, proportion, range, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, register, rule, scope, sequence, series, spectrum, spread,… …   New thesaurus

  • Scale — Scale, v. i. 1. To separate and come off in thin layers or lamin[ae]; as, some sandstone scales by exposure. [1913 Webster] Those that cast their shell are the lobster and crab; the old skins are found, but the old shells never; so it is likely… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — n: a set of graduated wage rates; also: a wage consistent with such rates compare minimum wage Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. scale …   Law dictionary

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