Cycle Cy"cle (s?"k'l), n. [F. ycle, LL. cyclus, fr. Gr. ky`klos ring or circle, cycle; akin to Skr. cakra wheel, circle. See {Wheel}.] 1. An imaginary circle or orbit in the heavens; one of the celestial spheres. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. An interval of time in which a certain succession of events or phenomena is completed, and then returns again and again, uniformly and continually in the same order; a periodical space of time marked by the recurrence of something peculiar; as, the cycle of the seasons, or of the year. [1913 Webster]

Wages . . . bear a full proportion . . . to the medium of provision during the last bad cycle of twenty years. --Burke. [1913 Webster]

3. An age; a long period of time. [1913 Webster]

Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay. --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

4. An orderly list for a given time; a calendar. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

We . . . present our gardeners with a complete cycle of what is requisite to be done throughout every month of the year. --Evelyn. [1913 Webster]

5. The circle of subjects connected with the exploits of the hero or heroes of some particular period which have served as a popular theme for poetry, as the legend of Arthur and the knights of the Round Table, and that of Charlemagne and his paladins. [1913 Webster]

6. (Bot.) One entire round in a circle or a spire; as, a cycle or set of leaves. --Gray. [1913 Webster]

7. A bicycle or tricycle, or other light velocipede. [1913 Webster]

8. A motorcycle. [PJC]

9. (Thermodynamics) A series of operations in which heat is imparted to (or taken away from) a working substance which by its expansion gives up a part of its internal energy in the form of mechanical work (or being compressed increases its internal energy) and is again brought back to its original state. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

10. (Technology) A complete positive and negative, or forward and reverse, action of any periodic process, such as a vibration, an electric field oscillation, or a current alternation; one period. Hence: (Elec.) A complete positive and negative wave of an alternating current. The number of cycles (per second) is a measure of the frequency of an alternating current. [Webster 1913 Suppl. + PJC]

{Calippic cycle}, a period of 76 years, or four Metonic cycles; -- so called from Calippus, who proposed it as an improvement on the Metonic cycle.

{Cycle of eclipses}, a period of about 6,586 days, the time of revolution of the moon's node; -- called {Saros} by the Chaldeans.

{Cycle of indiction}, a period of 15 years, employed in Roman and ecclesiastical chronology, not founded on any astronomical period, but having reference to certain judicial acts which took place at stated epochs under the Greek emperors.

{Cycle of the moon}, or {Metonic cycle}, a period of 19 years, after the lapse of which the new and full moon returns to the same day of the year; -- so called from Meton, who first proposed it.

{Cycle of the sun}, {Solar cycle}, a period of 28 years, at the end of which time the days of the month return to the same days of the week. The dominical or Sunday letter follows the same order; hence the solar cycle is also called the {cycle of the Sunday letter}. In the Gregorian calendar the solar cycle is in general interrupted at the end of the century. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • saros — saros …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • saros — [ saros; sarɔs ] n. m. • 1746; mot du lat. sc., d o. assyro babylonienne ♦ Didact. Période de 6 585 jours (18 ans et 10 ou 11 jours), déjà connue des Chaldéens, permettant de prédire le retour des éclipses. Pendant un saros, on compte en moyenne… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saros — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Saros es un período caldeo de 223 lunas, lo que equivale a 6.585,32 días (algo más de 18 años y 10 u 11 días) tras el cual la Luna y la Tierra regresan aproximadamente a la misma posición en sus órbitas, y se pueden… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Saros — or Sáros may refer to: *Saros cycle, a method for predicting solar eclipses *SS Saros, a shipwreck off the southeast coast of Australia *Saros (band), an American band *Gulf of Saros, an inlet of the Aegean Sea *Sáros county, a former division of …   Wikipedia

  • saros — SÁROS s.n. Perioadă de 18 ani, 11 zile şi 8 ore, după care se repetă, la aceleaşi intervale şi în aceeaşi ordine, eclipsele de Soare si de Lună. – Din fr. saros. Trimis de Anonim, 24.11.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  sáros s. n., pl. sárosuri Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Şaroş — may refer to: *Şaroş River, several rivers of Romania *Sáros county, former division of the Kingdom of Hungary *Şaroş pe Târnave, a village in Sibiu County, Romania *Şoarş, a commune in Braşov County, Romaniaee also*Saros *Sáros …   Wikipedia

  • Saros — es un período de 6.585,32 días (algo más de 18 años y 10 u 11 días) tras los cuales el Sol y la Luna regresan aproximadamente a la misma posición en el cielo, y se puede repetir los eclipses. Por definición un saros son 223 meses sinódicos(S)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sāros — (spr. Scharosch), 1) Comitat des ungarischen Verwaltungsgebietes Kaschau; 69,16 QM.; liegt im nördlichsten Theile Ungarns u. grenzt im Norden an Westgalizien, im Osten an das Zempliner, im Süden an das Abauj Tornaer, im Westen an das Zipser… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sáros — (spr. schārosch), ungar. Komitat, grenzt an Galizien und die Komitate Zips, Abauj Torna und Zemplin, umfaßt 3822 qkm (69,4 QM.) mit (1901) 174,470 meist slowakischen, magyarischen und deutschen (römisch und griechisch kath.) Einwohnern. Sitz des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • saros — sȃros m DEFINICIJA razdoblje od 18 godina (i 10, 11, ili 12 dana) nakon kojega se istim redom ponavljaju pomrčine Sunca i Mjeseca ETIMOLOGIJA grč. sáros ← akad. šāru …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Saros — Sa ros, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?] (Astron) 1. A Chaldean astronomical period or cycle, the length of which has been variously estimated from 3,600 years to 3,600 days, or a little short of 10 years. Brande & C. [1913 Webster] 2. A length of time… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”