Chalcedony Chal*ced"o*ny (k[a^]l*s[e^]d"[-o]*n[y^] or k[a^]l"s[-e]*d[-o]*n[y^]; 277), n.; pl. {Chalcedonies} (-n[i^]z). [ L. chalcedonius, fr. Gr. CHalkhdw`n Chalcedon, a town in Asia Minor, opposite to Byzantium: cf. calc['e]doine, OE. calcidoine, casidoyne. Cf. {Cassidony}.] (Min.) A cryptocrystalline, translucent variety of quartz, having usually a whitish color, and a luster nearly like wax. [Written also {calcedony}.] [1913 Webster]

Note: When chalcedony is variegated with with spots or figures, or arranged in differently colored layers, it is called {agate}; and if by reason of the thickness, color, and arrangement of the layers it is suitable for being carved into cameos, it is called {onyx}. {Chrysoprase} is green chalcedony; {carnelian}, a flesh red, and {sard}, a brownish red variety. [1913 Webster] ||

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Sard — is a reddish brown chalcedony, SiO2, much used by the ancients as a gemstone. Pliny the Elder states that it was named from Sardis, in Lydia, where it was first discovered; but the name probably came with the stone from Persia (Pers. sered,… …   Wikipedia

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  • sard — s., adj. 1. s. (înv.) sardinian. 2. adj. (rar) sardic, (înv.) sardinian. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  sard adj. m., s. m., pl. sarzi; …   Dicționar Român

  • sard — [särd] n. [ME saarde < L sarda < or akin to Gr sardios, sard, lit., ? Sardian stone < Sardeis, SARDIS] 1. a very hard, deep orange red variety of chalcedony, used in jewelry, etc. 2. a piece of this …   English World dictionary

  • Sard — Sard, n. [L. sarda, Gr. ?, or ? (sc. ?), i.e., Sardian stone, fr. ? Sardian, ? Sardes, the capital of Lydia: cf. F. sarde. Cf. {Sardius}.] (Min.) A variety of carnelian, of a rich reddish yellow or brownish red color. See the Note under… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sard — Sȃrd m DEFINICIJA 1. pov. glavni grad antičke Lidije 2. (sard) min. kremen smeđe boje; uporaba u izradi ukrasnih predmeta i nakita ETIMOLOGIJA lat. sarda ≃ grč. sárdion; kamen iz Sarda, usp. Sardinija …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sárd — Sárd, Marktflecken im Bezirk Kaposvár des Comitats Sümeg (ungarisches Verwaltungsgebiet Ödenburg); besuchte Jahrmärkte; 930 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • SARD — Infobox Company company name = SARD Corporation company vector company type = Limited genre = foundation = 1985 founder = location city = Higashimachi, Toyota, Aichi location country = Japan location = origins = test key people = Shin Kato,… …   Wikipedia

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