Saponin
Saponin Sap"o*nin, n. [L. sapo, -onis soap: cf. F. saponine.] (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort ({Saponaria}), in the bark of soap bark ({Quillaia}), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder, which occasions a soapy lather in solution, and produces a local an[ae]sthesia. Formerly called also {struthiin}, {quillaiin}, {senegin}, {polygalic acid}, etc. By extension, any one of a group of related bodies of which saponin proper is the type. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saponin — (Saponaceum, Senegin), ein eigenthümlicher Stoff aus der levantischen Seifenwurzel (Gypsophylla struthium) u. aus der Quillayrinde (Quillaja saponaria). Man erhält es aus der Seifenwurzel, indem man dieselbe mit Alkohol von 80 Procent einige… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Saponin — Saponin, s. Glykoside …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Saponin — Saponīn, Struthiin, Quillaiin, Senegin, Polygalin Githagin, Monesin, ein Glykosid in der Wurzel des Seifenkrauts, in der Senegawurzel, Seifenrinde, Kornrade, wird durch Auskochen mit Alkohol gewonnen, weißes, süßlich schmeckendes Pulver, das… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • saponin — [sap′ə nin] n. [Fr saponine < L sapo (see SAPONIFY) + in, IN1] any of a group of glycosides, found in soapbark, etc., which form a soapy foam when dissolved in water: used as detergents, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Saponin — Saponins Chemical structure of the saponin solanine Saponins are a class of chemical compounds, one of many secondary metabolites found in natural sources, with saponins found in particular abundance in various plant species. More specifically,… …   Wikipedia

  • saponin — noun Etymology: French saponine, from Latin sapon , sapo Date: 1831 any of various mostly toxic glucosides that occur in plants (as soapwort or soapbark) and are characterized by the property of producing a soapy lather; especially a hygroscopic… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Saponin — Digitonin – das giftige Steroidsaponin aus dem Fingerhut Digitalis purpurea …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • saponin — sa·po·nin sap ə nən, sə pō n any of various mostly toxic glucosides that occur in plants (as soapbark) and are characterized by the property of producing a soapy lather esp a hygroscopic amorphous saponin mixture used esp. as a foaming and… …   Medical dictionary

  • saponín — a m (ȋ) nav. mn., kem. strupen glikozid z milu podobnimi lastnostmi: saponin divjega kostanja; zdravilni učinki saponinov …   Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika

  • saponin —    Any plant glycoside with soapy action that can be digested to yield a sugar and a sapogenin aglycone. Many (but not all) saponins can be toxic and speed up hemoglobin degradation. Some herbs with important saponin constituents are Yucca and… …   Herbal-medical glossary

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