Sand
Sand Sand, n. [AS. sand; akin to D. zand, G. sand, OHG. sant, Icel. sandr, Dan. & Sw. sand, Gr. ?.] 1. Fine particles of stone, esp. of siliceous stone, but not reduced to dust; comminuted stone in the form of loose grains, which are not coherent when wet. [1913 Webster]

That finer matter, called sand, is no other than very small pebbles. --Woodward. [1913 Webster]

2. A single particle of such stone. [R.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. The sand in the hourglass; hence, a moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life. [1913 Webster]

The sands are numbered that make up my life. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. pl. Tracts of land consisting of sand, like the deserts of Arabia and Africa; also, extensive tracts of sand exposed by the ebb of the tide. ``The Libyan sands.'' --Milton. ``The sands o' Dee.'' --C. Kingsley. [1913 Webster]

5. Courage; pluck; grit. [Slang] [1913 Webster]

{Sand badger} (Zo["o]l.), the Japanese badger ({Meles ankuma}).

{Sand bag}. (a) A bag filled with sand or earth, used for various purposes, as in fortification, for ballast, etc. (b) A long bag filled with sand, used as a club by assassins.

{Sand ball}, soap mixed with sand, made into a ball for use at the toilet.

{Sand bath}. (a) (Chem.) A vessel of hot sand in a laboratory, in which vessels that are to be heated are partially immersed. (b) A bath in which the body is immersed in hot sand.

{Sand bed}, a thick layer of sand, whether deposited naturally or artificially; specifically, a thick layer of sand into which molten metal is run in casting, or from a reducing furnace.

{Sand birds} (Zo["o]l.), a collective name for numerous species of limicoline birds, such as the sandpipers, plovers, tattlers, and many others; -- called also {shore birds}.

{Sand blast}, a process of engraving and cutting glass and other hard substances by driving sand against them by a steam jet or otherwise; also, the apparatus used in the process.

{Sand box}. (a) A box with a perforated top or cover, for sprinkling paper with sand. (b) A box carried on locomotives, from which sand runs on the rails in front of the driving wheel, to prevent slipping.

{Sand-box tree} (Bot.), a tropical American tree ({Hura crepitans}). Its fruit is a depressed many-celled woody capsule which, when completely dry, bursts with a loud report and scatters the seeds. See Illust. of {Regma}.

{Sand bug} (Zo["o]l.), an American anomuran crustacean ({Hippa talpoidea}) which burrows in sandy seabeaches. It is often used as bait by fishermen. See Illust. under {Anomura}.

{Sand canal} (Zo["o]l.), a tubular vessel having a calcareous coating, and connecting the oral ambulacral ring with the madreporic tubercle. It appears to be excretory in function.

{Sand cock} (Zo["o]l.), the redshank. [Prov. Eng.]

{Sand collar}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Sand saucer}, below.

{Sand crab}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) The lady crab. (b) A land crab, or ocypodian.

{Sand crack} (Far.), a crack extending downward from the coronet, in the wall of a horse's hoof, which often causes lameness.

{Sand cricket} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of large terrestrial crickets of the genus {Stenophelmatus} and allied genera, native of the sandy plains of the Western United States.

{Sand cusk} (Zo["o]l.), any ophidioid fish. See {Illust.} under {Ophidioid}.

{Sand dab} (Zo["o]l.), a small American flounder ({Limanda ferruginea}); -- called also {rusty dab}. The name is also applied locally to other allied species.

{Sand darter} (Zo["o]l.), a small etheostomoid fish of the Ohio valley ({Ammocrypta pellucida}).

{Sand dollar} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small flat circular sea urchins, which live on sandy bottoms, especially {Echinarachnius parma} of the American coast.

{Sand drift}, drifting sand; also, a mound or bank of drifted sand.

{Sand eel}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) A lant, or launce. (b) A slender Pacific Ocean fish of the genus {Gonorhynchus}, having barbels about the mouth.

{Sand flag}, sandstone which splits up into flagstones.

{Sand flea}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) Any species of flea which inhabits, or breeds in, sandy places, especially the common dog flea. (b) The chigoe. (c) Any leaping amphipod crustacean; a beach flea, or orchestian. See {Beach flea}, under {Beach}.

{Sand flood}, a vast body of sand borne along by the wind. --James Bruce.

{Sand fluke}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) The sandnecker. (b) The European smooth dab ({Pleuronectes microcephalus}); -- called also {kitt}, {marysole}, {smear dab}, {town dab}.

{Sand fly} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small dipterous flies of the genus {Simulium}, abounding on sandy shores, especially {Simulium nocivum} of the United States. They are very troublesome on account of their biting habits. Called also {no-see-um}, {punky}, and {midge}.

{Sand gall}. (Geol.) See {Sand pipe}, below.

{Sand grass} (Bot.), any species of grass which grows in sand; especially, a tufted grass ({Triplasis purpurea}) with numerous bearded joints, and acid awl-shaped leaves, growing on the Atlantic coast.

{Sand grouse} (Zo["o]l.), any one of many species of Old World birds belonging to the suborder Pterocletes, and resembling both grouse and pigeons. Called also {rock grouse}, {rock pigeon}, and {ganga}. They mostly belong to the genus {Pterocles}, as the common Indian species ({P. exustus}). The large sand grouse ({P. arenarius}), the painted sand grouse ({P. fasciatus}), and the pintail sand grouse ({P. alchata}) are also found in India. See Illust. under {Pterocletes}.

{Sand hill}, a hill of sand; a dune.

{Sand-hill crane} (Zo["o]l.), the American brown crane ({Grus Mexicana}).

{Sand hopper} (Zo["o]l.), a beach flea; an orchestian.

{Sand hornet} (Zo["o]l.), a sand wasp.

{Sand lark}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) A small lark ({Alaudala raytal}), native of India. (b) A small sandpiper, or plover, as the ringneck, the sanderling, and the common European sandpiper. (c) The Australian red-capped dotterel ({[AE]gialophilus ruficapillus}); -- called also {red-necked plover}.

{Sand launce} (Zo["o]l.), a lant, or launce.

{Sand lizard} (Zo["o]l.), a common European lizard ({Lacerta agilis}).

{Sand martin} (Zo["o]l.), the bank swallow.

{Sand mole} (Zo["o]l.), the coast rat.

{Sand monitor} (Zo["o]l.), a large Egyptian lizard ({Monitor arenarius}) which inhabits dry localities.

{Sand mouse} (Zo["o]l.), the dunlin. [Prov. Eng.]

{Sand myrtle}. (Bot.) See under {Myrtle}.

{Sand partridge} (Zo["o]l.), either of two small Asiatic partridges of the genus {Ammoperdix}. The wings are long and the tarsus is spurless. One species ({A. Heeji}) inhabits Palestine and Arabia. The other species ({A. Bonhami}), inhabiting Central Asia, is called also {seesee partridge}, and {teehoo}.

{Sand picture}, a picture made by putting sand of different colors on an adhesive surface.

{Sand pike}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) The sauger. (b) The lizard fish.

{Sand pillar}, a sand storm which takes the form of a whirling pillar in its progress in desert tracts like those of the Sahara and Mongolia.

{Sand pipe} (Geol.), a tubular cavity, from a few inches to several feet in depth, occurring especially in calcareous rocks, and often filled with gravel, sand, etc.; -- called also {sand gall}.

{Sand pride} (Zo["o]l.), a small British lamprey now considered to be the young of larger species; -- called also {sand prey}.

{Sand pump}, in artesian well boring, a long, slender bucket with a valve at the bottom for raising sand from the well.

{Sand rat} (Zo["o]l.), the pocket gopher.

{Sand rock}, a rock made of cemented sand.

{Sand runner} (Zo["o]l.), the turnstone.

{Sand saucer} (Zo["o]l.), the mass of egg capsules, or o["o]thec[ae], of any mollusk of the genus {Natica} and allied genera. It has the shape of a bottomless saucer, and is coated with fine sand; -- called also {sand collar}.

{Sand screw} (Zo["o]l.), an amphipod crustacean ({Lepidactylis arenarius}), which burrows in the sandy seabeaches of Europe and America.

{Sand shark} (Zo["o]l.), an American shark ({Odontaspis littoralis}) found on the sandy coasts of the Eastern United States; -- called also {gray shark}, and {dogfish shark}. See Illust. under {Remora}.

{Sand skink} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of Old World lizards belonging to the genus {Seps}; as, the ocellated sand skink ({Seps ocellatus}) of Southern Europe.

{Sand skipper} (Zo["o]l.), a beach flea, or orchestian.

{Sand smelt} (Zo["o]l.), a silverside.

{Sand snake}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) Any one of several species of harmless burrowing snakes of the genus {Eryx}, native of Southern Europe, Africa, and Asia, especially {E. jaculus} of India and {E. Johnii}, used by snake charmers. (b) Any innocuous South African snake of the genus {Psammophis}, especially {P. sibilans}.

{Sand snipe} (Zo["o]l.), the sandpiper.

{Sand star} (Zo["o]l.), an ophiurioid starfish living on sandy sea bottoms; a brittle star.

{Sand storm}, a cloud of sand driven violently by the wind.

{Sand sucker}, the sandnecker.

{Sand swallow} (Zo["o]l.), the bank swallow. See under {Bank}.

{Sand trap}, (Golf) a shallow pit on a golf course having a layer of sand in it, usually located near a green, and designed to function as a hazard, due to the difficulty of hitting balls effectively from such a position.

{Sand tube}, a tube made of sand. Especially: (a) A tube of vitrified sand, produced by a stroke of lightning; a fulgurite. (b) (Zo["o]l.) Any tube made of cemented sand. (c) (Zo["o]l.) In starfishes, a tube having calcareous particles in its wall, which connects the oral water tube with the madreporic plate.

{Sand viper}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Hognose snake}.

{Sand wasp} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of hymenopterous insects belonging to the families {Pompilid[ae]} and {Spherid[ae]}, which dig burrows in sand. The female provisions the nest with insects or spiders which she paralyzes by stinging, and which serve as food for her young. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sand — mit Rippelmarken Sand ist ein natürlich vorkommendes, unverfestigtes Sedimentgestein, das sich aus einzelnen Sandkörnern mit einer Korngröße von 0,063 bis 2 mm zusammensetzt. Damit ordnet sich der Sand zwischen dem Feinkies (Korngröße 2 bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sand — [zant], der; [e]s, e: Substanz, die durch Verwitterung von Gestein entstanden ist und aus feinen Körnern besteht: gelber, weißer, feiner, grober Sand; die Kinder spielen im Sand; aus verschiedenen Sanden (Sorten von Sand) bestehender Boden. Zus …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sand — /sand/; Fr. /sahonnd/, n. George /jawrj/; Fr. /zhawrddzh/ (Lucile Aurore Dupin Dudevant), 1804 76, French novelist. * * * I Mineral, rock, or soil particles that are 0. 0008–0.08 in. (0.02–2 mm) in diameter. Most rock forming minerals are found… …   Universalium

  • Sand — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sand (homonymie). Sand …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sand — Sand: Das altgerm. Wort mhd., ahd. sant, niederl. zand, engl. sand, schwed. sand ist verwandt mit griech. ámathos »Sand«. Die weiteren Beziehungen sind unklar. – Abl.: sandig (mhd. sandic). Zus.: Sandbank (17. Jh.). • Sand wie Sand am Meer… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • sand — [sand] n. [ME < OE, akin to Ger sand, ON sandr < IE base * bhes , to rub off, pulverize > Gr psammos, L sabulum] 1. loose, gritty particles of eroded or weathered rock, varying in size from about 1/ 16 mm to 2 mm in diameter, usually… …   English World dictionary

  • Sand — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase SAND. Sand País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sand — Sand, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sanded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sanding}.] 1. To sprinkle or cover with sand. [1913 Webster] 2. To drive upon the sand. [Obs.] Burton. [1913 Webster] 3. To bury (oysters) beneath drifting sand or mud. [1913 Webster] 4. To mix …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SAND — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Sand. La familia de proteínas SAND, descrita en la levadura Saccharomyces cerevisiae (pero también presente en los animales Fugu rubripes, Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sand — Sand, lockere Anhäufung von kleinen, höchstens erbsengroßen Körnern harter Minerale, vornehmlich von Quarz (Quarzsand), seltener von Feldspat und noch seltener von Kalkstein und andern Mineralen (Magneteisen, Augit, Turmalin, Zirkon, Rutil,… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”