Sal volatile
Sal Sal (s[a^]l), n. [L. See {Salt}.] (Chem. & Pharm.) Salt. [1913 Webster]

{Sal absinthii} [NL.] (Old Chem.), an impure potassium carbonate obtained from the ashes of wormwood ({Artemisia Absinthium}).

{Sal acetosell[ae]} [NL.] (Old Chem.), salt of sorrel.

{Sal alembroth}. (Old Chem.) See {Alembroth}.

{Sal ammoniac} (Chem.), ammonium chloride, {NH4Cl}, a white crystalline volatile substance having a sharp salty taste, obtained from gas works, from nitrogenous matter, etc. It is largely employed as a source of ammonia, as a reagent, and as an expectorant in bronchitis. So called because originally made from the soot from camel's dung at the temple of Jupiter Ammon in Africa. Called also {muriate of ammonia}.

{Sal catharticus} [NL.] (Old Med. Chem.), Epsom salts.

{Sal culinarius} [L.] (Old Chem.), common salt, or sodium chloride.

{Sal Cyrenaicus}. [NL.] (Old Chem.) See {Sal ammoniac} above.

{Sal de duobus}, {Sal duplicatum} [NL.] (Old Chem.), potassium sulphate; -- so called because erroneously supposed to be composed of two salts, one acid and one alkaline.

{Sal diureticus} [NL.] (Old Med. Chem.), potassium acetate.

{Sal enixum} [NL.] (Old Chem.), acid potassium sulphate.

{Sal gemm[ae]} [NL.] (Old Min.), common salt occuring native.

{Sal Jovis} [NL.] (Old Chem.), salt tin, or stannic chloride; -- the alchemical name of tin being Jove.

{Sal Martis} [NL.] (Old Chem.), green vitriol, or ferrous sulphate; -- the alchemical name of iron being Mars.

{Sal microcosmicum} [NL.] (Old Chem.) See {Microcosmic salt}, under {Microcosmic}.

{Sal plumbi} [NL.] (Old Chem.), sugar of lead.

{Sal prunella}. (Old Chem.) See {Prunella salt}, under 1st {Prunella}.

{Sal Saturni} [NL.] (Old Chem.), sugar of lead, or lead acetate; -- the alchemical name of lead being Saturn.

{Sal sedativus} [NL.] (Old Chem.), sedative salt, or boric acid.

{Sal Seignette} [F. seignette, sel de seignette] (Chem.), Rochelle salt.

{Sal soda} (Chem.), sodium carbonate. See under {Sodium}.

{Sal vitrioli} [NL.] (Old Chem.), white vitriol; zinc sulphate.

{Sal volatile}. [NL.] (a) (Chem.) See {Sal ammoniac}, above. (b) Spirits of ammonia. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sal volatile — 1650s, Modern Latin, lit. volatile salt (see SALT (Cf. salt) + VOLATILE (Cf. volatile)); ammonium carbonate, especially as used in reviving persons who have fainted …   Etymology dictionary

  • sal volatile — ► NOUN ▪ a scented solution of ammonium carbonate in alcohol, used as smelling salts. ORIGIN Latin, volatile salt …   English terms dictionary

  • sal volatile — [vō lat′ l ē΄] n. [ModL, volatile salt] 1. a mixture of ammonium bicarbonate and ammonium carbonate, esp. in aromatic solution for use as smelling salts 2. ammonium carbonate …   English World dictionary

  • sal volatile — /sal voh lat l ee / an aromatic alcoholic solution of ammonium carbonate, the chief ingredient in smelling salts. [1645 55; < NL: volatile salt] * * * …   Universalium

  • sal volatile — [ˌsal və latɪli] noun a scented solution of ammonium carbonate in alcohol, used as smelling salts. Origin C17: mod. L., lit. volatile salt …   English new terms dictionary

  • sal volatile — sal′ vo•la′ti•le [[t]voʊˈlæt lˌi[/t]] n. an aromatic alcoholic solution of ammonium carbonate, the chief ingredient in smelling salts • Etymology: 1645–55; < NL: volatile salt …   From formal English to slang

  • sal volatile — sal vo·la·ti·le .sal və lat əl ē n 1) AMMONIUM CARBONATE 2) SMELLING SALTS * * * ammonium carbonate …   Medical dictionary

  • sal volatile — sal vo|la|ti|le [ ,sæl və lætli ] noun uncount TECHNICAL SMELLING SALTS …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • sal volatile — noun Etymology: New Latin, literally, volatile salt Date: 1654 smelling salts …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sal volatile — n. ammonium carbonate, esp. in the form of a flavoured solution in alcohol used as smelling salts. Etymology: mod.L, = volatile salt …   Useful english dictionary

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