Saint Patrick's Day
Saint Saint (s[=a]nt), n. [F., fr. L. sanctus sacred, properly p. p. of sancire to render sacred by a religious act, to appoint as sacred; akin to sacer sacred. Cf. {Sacred}, {Sanctity}, {Sanctum}, {Sanctus}.] 1. A person sanctified; a holy or godly person; one eminent for piety and virtue; any true Christian, as being redeemed and consecrated to God. [1913 Webster]

Them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints. --1 Cor. i. 2. [1913 Webster]

2. One of the blessed in heaven. [1913 Webster]

Then shall thy saints, unmixed, and from the impure Far separate, circling thy holy mount, Unfeigned hallelujahs to thee sing. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. (Eccl.) One canonized by the church. [Abbrev. St.] [1913 Webster]

{Saint Andrew's cross}. (a) A cross shaped like the letter X. See Illust. 4, under {Cross}. (b) (Bot.) A low North American shrub ({Ascyrum Crux-Andre[ae]}, the petals of which have the form of a Saint Andrew's cross. --Gray.

{Saint Anthony's cross}, a T-shaped cross. See Illust. 6, under {Cross}.

{Saint Anthony's fire}, the erysipelas; -- popularly so called because it was supposed to have been cured by the intercession of Saint Anthony.

{Saint Anthony's nut} (Bot.), the groundnut ({Bunium flexuosum}); -- so called because swine feed on it, and St. Anthony was once a swineherd. --Dr. Prior.

{Saint Anthony's turnip} (Bot.), the bulbous crowfoot, a favorite food of swine. --Dr. Prior.

{Saint Barnaby's thistle} (Bot.), a kind of knapweed ({Centaurea solstitialis}) flowering on St. Barnabas's Day, June 11th. --Dr. Prior.

{Saint Bernard} (Zo["o]l.), a breed of large, handsome dogs celebrated for strength and sagacity, formerly bred chiefly at the Hospice of St. Bernard in Switzerland, but now common in Europe and America. There are two races, the smooth-haired and the rough-haired. See Illust. under {Dog}.

{Saint Catharine's flower} (Bot.), the plant love-in-a-mist. See under {Love}.

{Saint Cuthbert's beads} (Paleon.), the fossil joints of crinoid stems.

{Saint Dabeoc's heath} (Bot.), a heatherlike plant ({Dab[oe]cia polifolia}), named from an Irish saint.

{Saint Distaff's Day}. See under {Distaff}.

{Saint Elmo's fire}, a luminous, flamelike appearance, sometimes seen in dark, tempestuous nights, at some prominent point on a ship, particularly at the masthead and the yardarms. It has also been observed on land, and is due to the discharge of electricity from elevated or pointed objects. A single flame is called a {Helena}, or a {Corposant}; a double, or twin, flame is called a {Castor and Pollux}, or a {double Corposant}. It takes its name from St. Elmo, the patron saint of sailors.

{Saint George's cross} (Her.), a Greek cross gules upon a field argent, the field being represented by a narrow fimbriation in the ensign, or union jack, of Great Britain.

{Saint George's ensign}, a red cross on a white field with a union jack in the upper corner next the mast. It is the distinguishing badge of ships of the royal navy of England; -- called also {the white ensign}. --Brande & C.

{Saint George's flag}, a smaller flag resembling the ensign, but without the union jack; used as the sign of the presence and command of an admiral. [Eng.] --Brande & C.

{Saint Gobain glass} (Chem.), a fine variety of soda-lime plate glass, so called from St. Gobain in France, where it was manufactured.

{Saint Ignatius's bean} (Bot.), the seed of a tree of the Philippines ({Strychnos Ignatia}), of properties similar to the nux vomica.

{Saint James's shell} (Zo["o]l.), a pecten ({Vola Jacob[ae]us}) worn by pilgrims to the Holy Land. See Illust. under {Scallop}.

{Saint James's-wort} (Bot.), a kind of ragwort ({Senecio Jacob[ae]a}).

{Saint John's bread}. (Bot.) See {Carob}.

{Saint John's-wort} (Bot.), any plant of the genus {Hypericum}, most species of which have yellow flowers; -- called also {John's-wort}.

{Saint Leger}, the name of a race for three-year-old horses run annually in September at Doncaster, England; -- instituted in 1776 by Col. St. Leger.

{Saint Martin's herb} (Bot.), a small tropical American violaceous plant ({Sauvagesia erecta}). It is very mucilaginous and is used in medicine.

{Saint Martin's summer}, a season of mild, damp weather frequently prevailing during late autumn in England and the Mediterranean countries; -- so called from St. Martin's Festival, occurring on November 11. It corresponds to the Indian summer in America. --Shak. --Whittier.

{Saint Patrick's cross}. See Illust. 4, under {Cross}.

{Saint Patrick's Day}, the 17th of March, anniversary of the death (about 466) of St. Patrick, the apostle and patron saint of Ireland.

{Saint Peter's fish}. (Zo["o]l.) See {John Dory}, under {John}.

{Saint Peter's-wort} (Bot.), a name of several plants, as {Hypericum Ascyron}, {H. quadrangulum}, {Ascyrum stans}, etc.

{Saint Peter's wreath} (Bot.), a shrubby kind of Spir[ae]a ({S. hypericifolia}), having long slender branches covered with clusters of small white blossoms in spring.

{Saint's bell}. See {Sanctus bell}, under {Sanctus}.

{Saint Vitus's dance} (Med.), chorea; -- so called from the supposed cures wrought on intercession to this saint. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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