Liver Liv"er, n. [AS. lifer; akin to D. liver, G. leber, OHG. lebara, Icel. lifr, Sw. lefver, and perh. to Gr. ? fat, E. live, v.] (Anat.) A very large glandular and vascular organ in the visceral cavity of all vertebrates. [1913 Webster]

Note: Most of the venous blood from the alimentary canal passes through it on its way back to the heart; and it secretes the bile, produces glycogen, and in other ways changes the blood which passes through it. In man it is situated immediately beneath the diaphragm and mainly on the right side. See {Bile}, {Digestive}, and {Glycogen}. The liver of invertebrate animals is usually made up of c[ae]cal tubes, and differs materially, in form and function, from that of vertebrates. [1913 Webster]

{Floating liver}. See {Wandering liver}, under {Wandering}.

{Liver of antimony}, {Liver of sulphur}. (Old Chem.) See {Hepar}.

{Liver brown}, {Liver color}, the color of liver, a dark, reddish brown.

{Liver shark} (Zo["o]l.), a very large shark ({Cetorhinus maximus}), inhabiting the northern coasts both of Europe and North America. It sometimes becomes forty feet in length, being one of the largest sharks known; but it has small simple teeth, and is not dangerous. It is captured for the sake of its liver, which often yields several barrels of oil. It has gill rakers, resembling whalebone, by means of which it separates small animals from the sea water. Called also {basking shark}, {bone shark}, {hoemother}, {homer}, and {sailfish}; it is sometimes referred to as {whale shark}, but that name is more commonly used for the {Rhincodon typus}, which grows even larger.

{Liver spots}, yellowish brown patches on the skin, or spots of chloasma. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sailfish — [sālfish΄] n. pl. sailfish or sailfishes (see FISH) any of a genus (Istiophorus, family Istiophoridae) of large, tropical marine billfishes with elongated scales, a sail like dorsal fin, and a sword shaped upper jaw …   English World dictionary

  • Sailfish — Sail fish, n. (Zo[ o]l.) (a) The banner fish, or spikefish ({Histiophorus}.) (b) The basking, or liver, shark. (c) The quillback. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sailfish — This article is about the fish. For the submarines, see USS Sailfish.Taxobox name = Sailfishes fossil range = fossilrange|14|0Middle Miocene to Present [cite journal last = Sepkoski first = Jack authorlink = coauthors = title = A compendium of… …   Wikipedia

  • sailfish — /sayl fish /, n., pl. (esp. collectively) sailfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) sailfishes. 1. a large tropical and subtropical marine fish, Istiophorus platypterus, of the family Istiophoridae, distinguished by a long, high… …   Universalium

  • sailfish — Quillback Quill back , n. (Zo[ o]l.) An American fresh water fish ({Ictiobus cyprinus} syn. {Carpiodes cyprinus}); called also {carp sucker}, {sailfish}, {spearfish}, and {skimback}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sailfish — /ˈseɪlfɪʃ/ (say saylfish) noun (plural sailfish or sailfishes) any of the large marine fishes constituting the genus Istiophorus, characterised by a very large dorsal fin likened to a sail, and related to the swordfishes, as I. ludibundus of… …   Australian English dictionary

  • sailfish — noun Date: 1879 any of a genus (Istiophorus, especially I. platypterus) of billfishes having a very large dorsal fin …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sailfish — noun A fish of the genus Istiophorus, having a characteristic sail like fin on its back …   Wiktionary

  • sailfish — n. species of marine fish with a large dorsal fin and long swordlike upper jaw …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sailfish — noun (plural same or sailfishes) an edible migratory billfish with a high sail like dorsal fin. [Istiophorus platypterus and related species.] …   English new terms dictionary

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