Sabbatical year

Sabbatical year
Year Year, n. [OE. yer, yeer, [yogh]er, AS. ge['a]r; akin to OFries. i?r, g?r, D. jaar, OHG. j[=a]r, G. jahr, Icel. [=a]r, Dan. aar, Sw. [*a]r, Goth. j?r, Gr. ? a season of the year, springtime, a part of the day, an hour, ? a year, Zend y[=a]re year. [root]4, 279. Cf. {Hour}, {Yore}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year; as, the common lunar year of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year (called bissextile, or leap year) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days (see {Bissextile}). [1913 Webster]

Of twenty year of age he was, I guess. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Note: The civil, or legal, year, in England, formerly commenced on the 25th of March. This practice continued throughout the British dominions till the year 1752. [1913 Webster]

2. The time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn. [1913 Webster]

3. pl. Age, or old age; as, a man in years. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Anomalistic year}, the time of the earth's revolution from perihelion to perihelion again, which is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 48 seconds.

{A year's mind} (Eccl.), a commemoration of a deceased person, as by a Mass, a year after his death. Cf. {A month's mind}, under {Month}.

{Bissextile year}. See {Bissextile}.

{Canicular year}. See under {Canicular}.

{Civil year}, the year adopted by any nation for the computation of time.

{Common lunar year}, the period of 12 lunar months, or 354 days.

{Common year}, each year of 365 days, as distinguished from leap year.

{Embolismic year}, or {Intercalary lunar year}, the period of 13 lunar months, or 384 days.

{Fiscal year} (Com.), the year by which accounts are reckoned, or the year between one annual time of settlement, or balancing of accounts, and another.

{Great year}. See {Platonic year}, under {Platonic}.

{Gregorian year}, {Julian year}. See under {Gregorian}, and {Julian}.

{Leap year}. See {Leap year}, in the Vocabulary.

{Lunar astronomical year}, the period of 12 lunar synodical months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds.

{Lunisolar year}. See under {Lunisolar}.

{Periodical year}. See {Anomalistic year}, above.

{Platonic year}, {Sabbatical year}. See under {Platonic}, and {Sabbatical}.

{Sidereal year}, the time in which the sun, departing from any fixed star, returns to the same. This is 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.3 seconds.

{Tropical year}. See under {Tropical}.

{Year and a day} (O. Eng. Law), a time to be allowed for an act or an event, in order that an entire year might be secured beyond all question. --Abbott.

{Year of grace}, any year of the Christian era; Anno Domini; A. D. or a. d. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sabbatical Year — • The seventh year, devoted to cessation of agriculture, and holding in the period of seven years a place analogous to that of the Sabbath in the week; also called Year of Remission Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sabbatical Year      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • sabbatical year — n. 1. among the ancient Jews, every seventh year, in which, according to Mosaic law, the land and vineyards were to remain fallow and debtors were to be released ☆ 2. SABBATICAL LEAVE …   English World dictionary

  • Sabbatical year — Sabbatic Sab*bat ic, Sabbatical Sab*bat ic*al, a. [Gr. ?: cf. F. sabbatique.] Of or pertaining to the Sabbath; resembling the Sabbath; enjoying or bringing an intermission of labor. [1913 Webster] {Sabbatical year} (Jewish Antiq.), every seventh… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sabbatical year — year of rest from work …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sabbatical year — noun a sabbatical leave lasting one year • Hypernyms: ↑sabbatical, ↑sabbatical leave …   Useful english dictionary

  • sabbatical year — noun Date: 1599 1. often capitalized S a year of rest for the land observed every seventh year in ancient Judea 2. a leave often with pay granted usually every seventh year (as to a college professor) for rest, travel, or research called also… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sabbatical year — noun 1》 a year s sabbatical leave. 2》 (in biblical times) a year observed every seventh year under the Law of Moses as a ‘sabbath’ during which the land was allowed to rest …   English new terms dictionary

  • sabbatical year — 1. Also called sabbatical leave. (in a school, college, university, etc.) a year, usually every seventh, of release from normal teaching duties granted to a professor, as for study or travel. 2. Chiefly Biblical. a yearlong period to be observed… …   Universalium

  • Sabbatical year —    Every seventh year, during which the land, according to the law of Moses, had to remain uncultivated (Lev. 25:2 7; comp. Ex. 23:10, 11, 12; Lev. 26:34, 35). Whatever grew of itself during that year was not for the owner of the land, but for… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • sabbatical year — noun a) A year of rest for the land observed every seven years in ancient Judea, which included allowing the fields to lie without tilling, sowing, or reaping from one autumn to the next in accordance with a Levitical commandment …   Wiktionary

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