Base Base, n. [F. base, L. basis, fr. Gr. ba`sis a stepping, step, a base, pedestal, fr. bai`nein to go, step, akin to E. come. Cf. {Basis}, and see {Come}.] 1. The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue. ``The base of mighty mountains.'' --Prescott. [1913 Webster]

2. Fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork. [1913 Webster]

3. (Arch.) (a) The lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented. (b) The lower part of a complete architectural design, as of a monument; also, the lower part of any elaborate piece of furniture or decoration. [1913 Webster]

4. (Bot.) That extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support. [1913 Webster]

5. (Chem.) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; -- applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids. [1913 Webster]

6. (Pharmacy) The chief ingredient in a compound. [1913 Webster]

7. (Dyeing) A substance used as a mordant. --Ure. [1913 Webster]

8. (Fort.) The exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which connects the salient angles of two adjacent bastions. [1913 Webster]

9. (Geom.) The line or surface constituting that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand. [1913 Webster]

10. (Math.) The number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms. [1913 Webster]

11. [See {Base} low.] A low, or deep, sound. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part; the deepest male voice. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base. [Now commonly written {bass}.] [1913 Webster]

The trebles squeak for fear, the bases roar. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

12. (Mil.) A place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc. [1913 Webster]

13. (Mil.) The smallest kind of cannon. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

14. (Zo["o]l.) That part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ. [1913 Webster]

15. (Crystallog.) The basal plane of a crystal. [1913 Webster]

16. (Geol.) The ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystalline. [1913 Webster]

17. (Her.) The lower part of the field. See {Escutcheon}. [1913 Webster]

18. The housing of a horse. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

19. pl. A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

20. The lower part of a robe or petticoat. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

21. An apron. [Obs.] ``Bakers in their linen bases.'' --Marston. [1913 Webster]

22. The point or line from which a start is made; a starting place or a goal in various games. [1913 Webster]

To their appointed base they went. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

23. (Surv.) A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles. --Lyman. [1913 Webster]

24. A rustic play; -- called also {prisoner's base}, {prison base}, or {bars}. ``To run the country base.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

25. (Baseball) Any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield. [1913 Webster]

{Altern base}. See under {Altern}.

{Attic base}. (Arch.) See under {Attic}.

{Base course}. (Arch.) (a) The first or lower course of a foundation wall, made of large stones or a mass of concrete; -- called also {foundation course}. (b) The architectural member forming the transition between the basement and the wall above.

{Base hit} (Baseball), a hit, by which the batsman, without any error on the part of his opponents, is able to reach the first base without being put out.

{Base line}. (a) A main line taken as a base, as in surveying or in military operations. (b) A line traced round a cannon at the rear of the vent.

{Base plate}, the foundation plate of heavy machinery, as of the steam engine; the bed plate.

{Base ring} (Ordnance), a projecting band of metal around the breech, connected with the body of the gun by a concave molding. --H. L. Scott. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bass — bezeichnet: Bass (Akustik), Schallwellen mit tiefen Frequenzen („tiefe Töne“) Bass (Instrument), ein Musikinstrument mit Bass Tonlage oder das tiefste Instrument einer Instrumentenfamilie Bass (Stimmlage), eine tiefe Männer Stimmlage,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bass — (b[.a]s), n.; pl. {Bass}, and sometimes {Basses} (b[.a]s [e^]z). [A corruption of barse.] (Zo[ o]l.) 1. An edible, spiny finned fish, esp. of the genera {Roccus}, {Labrax}, and related genera. There are many species. [1913 Webster] Note: The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bass — (b[.a]s), n.; pl. {Bass}, and sometimes {Basses} (b[.a]s [e^]z). [A corruption of barse.] (Zo[ o]l.) 1. An edible, spiny finned fish, esp. of the genera {Roccus}, {Labrax}, and related genera. There are many species. [1913 Webster] Note: The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bass — [bas], der; es, Bässe [ bɛsə]: 1. Männerstimme in der tiefen Lage: er hat einen tiefen, rauen, sonoren Bass. 2. Sänger mit einer tiefen Stimme. Syn.: ↑ Bassist. 3. tiefste Stimme eines Musikstücks. 4. sehr tief klingendes größtes… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • bass — bass; bass·ing; bass·ist; bass·ly; bass·ness; bass·ra; con·tra·bass·ist; oc·to·bass; sub·bass; con·tra·bass; …   English syllables

  • Bass — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bass puede referirse a: Bass, un apellido; la palabra inglesa para describir los sonidos graves, o por extensión un instrumento capaz de producir tonos graves, en general, lo que en español se denomina bajo; Bass, un …   Wikipedia Español

  • bass — bass1 [bās] n. [ME bas, BASE2; sp. infl. by It basso] 1. the range of the lowest male voice, usually from middle C to two or more octaves below 2. a) a voice or singer with such a range b) an instrument with a similar range within its family; …   English World dictionary

  • Bass — (b[=a]s), n. [F. basse, fr. bas low. See {Base}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. A bass, or deep, sound or tone. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part in a musical composition. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, bass. [Written also… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bass — Bass, a. Deep or grave in tone. [1913 Webster] {Bass clef} (Mus.), the character placed at the beginning of the staff containing the bass part of a musical composition. [See Illust. under {Clef}.] {Bass voice}, a deep sounding voice; a voice… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bass — Bass, estrecho de * * * En zoología, cualquiera de numerosas especies de peces, muchas apreciadas como alimento o pesca deportiva. La mayoría pertenece a tres familias (todas del orden Perciformes): 400 especies de serránido y mero; la familia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bass — the fish [15] and bass the musical term [15] are of course completely unrelated words, with different pronunciations. Bass meaning ‘of the lowest register’ is simply a modified spelling of the adjective base, under the influence of Italian basso …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

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