Fungi Fun"gi (f[u^]n"j[imac]), n. pl.; sing. {fungus}. (Biol.) A group of thallophytic plant-like organisms of low organization, destitute of chlorophyll, in which reproduction is mainly accomplished by means of asexual spores, which are produced in a great variety of ways, though sexual reproduction is known to occur in certain {Phycomycetes}, or so-called algal fungi. They include the molds, mildews, rusts, smuts, mushrooms, toadstools, puff balls, and the allies of each. In the two-kingdom classification system they were classed with the plants, but in the modern five-kingdom classification, they are not classed as plants, but are classed in their own separate kingdom fungi, which includes the phyla Zygomycota (including simple fungi such as bread molds), Ascomycota (including the yeasts), Basidiomycota (including the mushrooms, smuts, and rusts), and Deuteromycota (the {fungi imperfecti}). Some of the forms, such as the yeasts, appear as single-celled microorganisms, but all of the fungi are are eukaryotic, thus distinguishing them from the prokaryotic microorganisms of the kingdon Monera. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Note: The Fungi appear to have originated by degeneration from various alg[ae], losing their chlorophyll on assuming a parasitic or saprophytic life. In an earlier classification they were divided into the subclasses {Phycomycetes}, the lower or algal fungi; the {Mesomycetes}, or intermediate fungi; and the {Mycomycetes}, or the higher fungi; by others into the {Phycomycetes}; the {Ascomycetes}, or sac-spore fungi; and the {Basidiomycetes}, or basidial-spore fungi. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BASIDIOMYCÈTES — Ce groupe de champignons rassemble la majeure partie des espèces aux fructifications de grande taille, celles qu’on va ramasser dans les bois ou dans les prés; il comprend aussi des organismes microscopiques parasites de plantes; ces derniers… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Basidiomycetes — Ba*sid i*o*my*ce tes, n. pl. a phylum of fungi with the Basidiomycota [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basidiomycetes — Basidiomycetes,   Basidiomyzeten, die Ständerpilze …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Basidiomycetes — Basidiomycetes, Ständerpilze, ca. 30000 Arten umfassende Klasse der ⇒ Eumycota (echte Pilze). Das Meiosporangium der B. ist die ⇒ Basidie (Sporenständer). Die Meiosporen keimen zu haploiden Mycelien mit einkernigen Zellen aus. Beim… …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • Basidiomycètes — Basidiomycota Basidiomycètes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Basidiomycetes — noun large class of higher fungi coextensive with subdivision Basidiomycota • Syn: ↑class Basidiomycetes • Hypernyms: ↑class • Member Holonyms: ↑Basidiomycota, ↑subdivision Basidiomycota, ↑Basidiomycotina, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Basidiomycetes — One of the four major classes of fungi, characterized by a spore bearing organ (basidium), usually a single clavate cell, which bears basidiospores after karyogamy and meiosis. The class comprises the smuts, rusts, mushrooms, and puffballs.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Basidiomycetes — Ständerpilze Fliegenpilz (Amanita muscaria) Systematik Klassifikation: Lebewesen Domäne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basidiomycetes — …   Википедия

  • basidiomycetes — (bah sid e o mi se tĭz) A division of fungi in which the spores are born on club shaped organs called basidia …   Dictionary of microbiology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”