Respiration
Respiration Res`pi*ra"tion (r?s`p?*r?"sh?n), n. [L. respiratio: cf. F. respiration. See {Respire}.] 1. The act of respiring or breathing again, or catching one's breath. [1913 Webster]

2. Relief from toil or suffering: rest. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Till the day Appear of respiration to the just And vengeance to the wicked. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. Interval; intermission. [Obs.] --Bp. Hall. [1913 Webster]

4. (Physiol.) The act of resping or breathing; the act of taking in and giving out air; the aggregate of those processes bu which oxygen is introduced into the system, and carbon dioxide, or carbonic acid, removed. [1913 Webster]

Note: Respiration in the higher animals is divided into: ({a}) Internal respiration, or the interchange of oxygen and carbonic acid between the cells of the body and the bathing them, which in one sense is a process of nutrition. ({b}) External respiration, or the gaseous interchange taking place in the special respiratory organs, the lungs. This constitutes respiration proper. --Gamgee. [1913 Webster] In the respiration of plants oxygen is likewise absorbed and carbonic acid exhaled, but in the light this process is obscured by another process which goes on with more vigor, in which the plant inhales and absorbs carbonic acid and exhales free oxygen. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • RESPIRATION — La physiologie comparée de la respiration a pour objet l’étude des mécanismes assurant les échanges de l’oxygène et du dioxyde de carbone (gaz carbonique) entre les organismes vivants et le milieu, aqueux et aérien, dans lequel ils vivent.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Respiration — is the act of inhaling and exhaling air in order to exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide. * * * 1. A fundamental process of life, characteristic of both plants and animals, in which oxygen is used to oxidize organic fuel molecules, providing a… …   Medical dictionary

  • respiration — Respiration. s. f. v. L action de respirer, la faculté par laquelle on respire. Il n a pas la respiration libre. le poulmon & les autres parties qui servent à la respiration …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Respiration — (v. lat.), 1) das Athemholen; daher Respirationsmuskeln, die das Athmen durch Erweiterung u. Verengung der Brusthöhle vermittelnden Muskeln, bes. die Brustmuskeln. Respirationswege, die der atmosphärischen Luft für das Athemholen zugänglichen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Respiration — (lat.), s. Atmung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Respiration — Respiratiōn (lat.), Atmung (s.d.); respirābel, einatembar, zum Einatmen dienlich oder tauglich …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Respiration — ⇒ Atmung …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • respiration — фр. [рэспирасьо/н] respirazione ит. [рэспирацио/нэ] 1) дыхание 2) знаки перемены дыхания в вокальных партиях …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • respiration — early 15c., from L. respirationem, noun of action from respirare (see RESPIRE (Cf. respire)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • respiration — ► NOUN 1) the action of breathing. 2) a single breath. 3) Biology a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic… …   English terms dictionary

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