Barons of the exchequer
Exchequer Ex*cheq"uer, n. [OE. escheker, OF. eichekier, fr. LL. scaccarium. See {Checker}, {Chess}, {Check}.] 1. One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

Note: The exchequer was a court of law and equity. In the revenue department, it had jurisdiction over the proprietary rights of the crown against subjects; in the common law department, it administered justice in personal actions between subject and subject. A person proceeding against another in the revenue department was said to exchequer him. The judges of this court were one chief and four puisne barons, so styled. The Court of Exchequer Chamber sat as court of error in which the judgments of each of the superior courts of common law, in England, were subject to revision by the judges of the other two sitting collectively. Causes involving difficult questions of law were sometimes after argument, adjourned into this court from the other courts, for debate before judgment in the court below. Recent legislation in England (1880) has abolished the Court of Exchequer and the Court of Exchequer Chamber, as distinct tribunals, a single board of judiciary, the High Court of Justice, being established for the trial of all classes of civil cases. --Wharton. [1913 Webster]

2. The department of state having charge of the collection and management of the royal revenue. [Eng.] Hence, the treasury; and, colloquially, pecuniary possessions in general; as, the company's exchequer is low. [1913 Webster]

{Barons of the exchequer}. See under {Baron}.

{Chancellor of the exchequer}. See under {Chancellor}.

{Exchequer bills} or {Exchequer bonds} (Eng.), bills of money, or promissory bills, issued from the exchequer by authority of Parliament; a species of paper currency emitted under the authority of the government, and bearing interest. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barons of the exchequer — Baron Bar on, n. [OE. baron, barun, OF. baron, accus. of ber, F. baron, prob. fr. OHG. baro (not found) bearer, akin to E. bear to support; cf. O. Frisian bere, LL. baro, It. barone, Sp. varon. From the meaning bearer (of burdens) seem to have… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barons of the Exchequer — The six judges of the Court of Exchequer in England, of whom one is styled the Chief Baron; answering to the justices and chief justice of other courts. Its jurisdiction was transferred to the Exchequer Division of High Court of Justice in 1873;… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Barons of the Exchequer — The six judges of the Court of Exchequer in England, of whom one is styled the Chief Baron; answering to the justices and chief justice of other courts. Its jurisdiction was transferred to the Exchequer Division of High Court of Justice in 1873;… …   Black's law dictionary

  • barons of the exchequer — The judges of the court of exchequer. They are always referred to as barons and not as judges …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Barons of the Cinque Ports — Baron Bar on, n. [OE. baron, barun, OF. baron, accus. of ber, F. baron, prob. fr. OHG. baro (not found) bearer, akin to E. bear to support; cf. O. Frisian bere, LL. baro, It. barone, Sp. varon. From the meaning bearer (of burdens) seem to have… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chancellor of the exchequer — Exchequer Ex*cheq uer, n. [OE. escheker, OF. eichekier, fr. LL. scaccarium. See {Checker}, {Chess}, {Check}.] 1. One of the superior courts of law; so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. [Eng.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chief Baron of the Exchequer — For the Chief Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland, see Chief Baron of the Exchequer (Ireland). The Chief Baron of the Exchequer was the first baron (i.e., judge) of the English Exchequer of pleas. In the absence of both the Treasurer of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer — was the first baron ( i.e. , judge) of the Exchequer of pleas. In the absence of both the Treasurer of the Exchequer or First Lord of the Treasury, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, it was he who presided in the equity court and answered the… …   Wikipedia

  • Auditor of the Exchequer in Scotland — The Scottish Exchequer had a similar role of auditing and deciding on Royal revenues as in England. It was not until 1584 that it also became a court of law, separate from the King s Privy Council. Even then, the judicial and administrative roles …   Wikipedia

  • List of Chief Barons of the Irish Exchequer — The Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer[1][2] was a senior judge who oversaw court proceedings of the Exchequer of Ireland. It was a mirror of the equivalent Court in England and one of the four courts which sat in the building still called The… …   Wikipedia

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