Republic
Republic Re*pub"lic (r?-p?b"l?k), n. [F. r['e]publique, L. respublica commonwealth; res a thing, an affair + publicus, publica, public. See {Real}, a., and {Public}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Common weal. [Obs.] --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]

2. A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them; a commonwealth. Cf. {Democracy}, 2. [1913 Webster]

Note: In some ancient states called republics the sovereign power was exercised by an hereditary aristocracy or a privileged few, constituting a government now distinctively called an aristocracy. In some there was a division of authority between an aristocracy and the whole body of the people except slaves. No existing republic recognizes an exclusive privilege of any class to govern, or tolerates the institution of slavery. [1913 Webster]

{Republic of letters}, The collective body of literary or learned men. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Republic — Republic, MO U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 8438 Housing Units (2000): 3298 Land area (2000): 5.595163 sq. miles (14.491405 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.595163 sq. miles (14.491405 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Republic — ist die Bezeichnung für Republic Airlines, Fluggesellschaft Republic Aviation Company, ehemaliger US amerikanischer Flugzeughersteller Republic (1853), 1865 gesunkenes US amerikanisches Dampfschiff RMS Republic (1903), 1909 gesunkenes britisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Republic — Republic …   Википедия

  • republic — re·pub·lic n 1: a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch and who in modern times is usu. a president; also: a political unit (as a nation) having such a form of government 2: a government in which supreme power resides in a body… …   Law dictionary

  • republic — [ri pub′lik] n. [MFr république < L respublica < res, thing, affair, interest (see REAL1) + publica, fem. of publicus,PUBLIC] 1. a) a state or nation in which the supreme power rests in all the citizens entitled to vote (the electorate) and …   English World dictionary

  • republic — UK US /rɪˈpʌblɪk/ noun [C] POLITICS ► a country whose leader is a president, not a king or queen: »This tiny republic depends on the export of tobacco …   Financial and business terms

  • Republic — Republic, Postort in der Grafschaft Seneca des Staates Ohio (Nordamerika), an der Mad River Lake Erie Eisenbahn; Akademie, Maschinenwerkstätte, Stapelplatz für Getreide; 1600 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • republic — c.1600, state in which supreme power rests in the people, from Fr. république, from L. respublica (abl. republica), lit. res publica public interest, the state, from res affair, matter, thing + publica, fem. of publicus public (see PUBLIC (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • republic — ► NOUN ▪ a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch. ORIGIN Latin respublica, from res concern + publicus of the people, public …   English terms dictionary

  • republic — /ri pub lik/, n. 1. a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them. 2. any body of persons viewed as a commonwealth. 3. a state in which… …   Universalium

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